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Unformatted text preview: Intro: pg 1-16 biological anthropologists spend their careers trying to understand the details of the evolutionary process and the ways in which it has shaped who we are today. paleoanthropology is the study of the fossil record for humankind osteology is the study of the skeleton must have extraordinary skills at identification keen spatial sense skeletal biology also the study of the human skeleton must know patterns and processes of human growth, physiology and development paleopathology is the study of disease in ancient human populations forensic anthropology is the study of the identification of skeletal remains and of the means by which the individual died primatology is the study of the anatomy, physiology, behavior, and genetics of both living and extinct monkeys, apes and prosimians. (form backbone of tropical forest conservation) human biology 1. human adaptation learning how people adjust physiologically to the extremes of earths physical environments 2. nutritional anthropologists study the interrelationship between diet, culture and evolution 3. human variation deals with the many ways in which people differ in their anatomy throughout the world 4. biomedical anthropology might study how human cultural practices influence the spread of infectious disease and how the effects of pollution or toxins in the environment affect human growth 5. molecular anthropology is a genetic approach to human evolutionary science that seeks to understand the differences in the genome between humans and their closest relatives anthropology is the study of humankind in all its forms unique thing about humans is that we have culture culture is the sum total of learned traditions of a group of people (ex language) 1. biological anthropology the study of the interaction between biology and culture (often end up on the front line to protect culture) 2. cultural anthropology the study of human societies especially in a cross- cultural context ethnology the study of human societies and of the behavior of people within those societies medical anthropology study mainly traditional healing practices and the ways in which health and illness are conceptualized in other cultures economic anthropology study of how cultures arrange the use of their resources 1 ecological anthropology study of how cultures and the physical environments interact applied anthropology the work of all subfields of cultural anthropology 3. linguistic anthropology study of the form, function, and social context of language (language is used to conform with cultural, environmental and social needs, ex: Eskimos and snow) also study the roots of human language 4. archaeology study of how people used to lived based on the artifacts they left behind prehistoric archaeology study cultures that did not leave any recorded written history historical archeology study of past civilizations that left a written record of their existence salvage archeology...
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