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I. DEFINING ABNORMALITY STATISICAL NORMS: statistical frequency; behavior or thinking is rare; are extreme hap- piness and intelligence abnormal? SOCIAL NORMS: social standards; a person’s behavior isn’t meeting certain social norms of people around them, but standards can vary btwn cultures and social groups. Views of suitable social behavior aren’t absolute. MALADAPTIVENESS: most important; harms welfare of the individual or their social group. A clear sign of abnormal behavior or mental state is when an individual’s behavior is de- structive to themselves or their social group (family, friends or co-workers). COGNITIVE/PERCEPTUAL DISTORTIONS: such as hallucinations clearly are abnor- mal. Milder distortions or perceptions of reality like inflated egos or unusually high self-esteem. PERSONAL DISTRESS: subjective feelings; miserable, anxious, depression, insomnia, agit- ated II. WHAT'S NORMAL? EFFICIENT PERCEPTION OF REALITY: an individual can form reasonable and real- istic appraisals of themselves and the world around them. VOLUNTARY CONTROL OVER BEHAVIOR: decisions to act are voluntary and not due to uncontrollable impulses. SELF-ESTEEM & ACCEPTANCE: Enables them to be at ease around people and feel comfortable socially with others, to feel secure and unthreatened in social situations; feeling good about themselves. ABILITY TO FORM AFFECTIONATE RELATIONSHIPS: with others (family, friends, neighbors, or colleagues); sensitive to others, able to form interpersonal bonds and don’t make excessive personal demands on other people. PRODUCTIVITY: able to channel their energy and activity, even when the source of that en- ergy is potentially negative (anger, fear or frustration) into useful and productive activity. III. CLASSIFYING ABNORMALITY: THE DSM-IV (5 AXES) AXIS I: THE DIAGNOSTIC CATEGORY: lists acute clinical disorders (problem that has brought the patient in for treatment; phobia or depression) AXIS II: PERSONALITY DISORDERS & MENTAL RETARDATION: long stand- ing conditions, such as developmental disorders, learning disabilities, mental retardation, and personality disorder which might interact with acute disorder on Axis I. AXIS III: RELEVANT PHYSICAL DISORDERS: list medical conditions which may
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This note was uploaded on 11/10/2011 for the course HDF 304 taught by Professor Gray during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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