08 Dating & Mate Selection

08 Dating & Mate Selection - Announcements...

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Unformatted text preview: Announcements Announcements ► April – HDF 355 w/ Dr. Lisa Neff ► Exam GO to Office Hrs! Dating & Mate Selection Part 1 Part 1 Overview Overview ► Dating & Mate Selection Terminology Theories of Mate Selection Cohabitation Gay & Lesbian Relationships Terminology of Participants Terminology of Participants ► Short­term ► Long­term Terminology of Researchers Terminology of Researchers ► 3 terms Dating Courtship Mate selection Terminology: Dating Terminology: Dating ► What is dating? Processes, properties, and factors that define Processes, romantic heterosexual or homosexual relationships relationships Meeting people socially for possible mate selection Terminology: Courtship Terminology: Courtship ► What is courtship? The process through which romantic partners try to get to know one another and develop a mutual commitment to marry. Studying process through which partners make a mutual agreement Terminology: Mate selection Terminology: Mate selection ► What is mate selection? Processes by which individuals choose their Processes heterosexual or homosexual romantic partners and factors that predict whether relationships will progress, maintain, or dissolve over time. Involves Involves Partner’s choice Developmental progression Developmental Terminology Terminology ► Insiders Perspective Problems with agreement ►Ask you to describe couples, their relationship. When you decide how to label relationship. ► vs. Outsiders Perspective Involved in study, researcher put label on relationship, researcher’s perspective Theories of Mate Selection Theories of Mate Selection ► Filter Theory Homogamy­ dating/married someone within own social group (vs Heterogamy) Propinquity Filter Geographical closeness, proximity, more likely to pair up with someone who is close in distance Physical Attractiveness Filter Social Filter ► Review textbook Social Exchange Theory Equity Theory Cohabitation Cohabitation ► Who cohabits? When? ► Why do couples cohabit? ► Problems with research on cohabitation ► Should I live with my partner before we get married? Who cohabits? When? Who cohabits? When? ► 9% ­ currently cohabiting (vs. < 50%) ► People between ages 25­44 are most likely age group to cohabit 20% of cohabiters are 24yrs or younger ► 5% of cohabiters are age 65 or older ► 40% of cohabiters have children under 18 in home 6% of children under 18 living with cohaibiting parent ► Increase in number of cohabitors ­40 yrs Who cohabits? When? Who cohabits? When? ► 50­65% of recent marriages are preceded by cohabitation ► Cohabitation is usually short­lived Within 1 to 1.5 years, more than half of cohabiting couples have either married or broken­up However, 40% of cohabiters still cohabiting 5­7 years later Depends on cohabitation type/reason Who cohabits? When? Who cohabits? When? ► More likely than married couples to be multiracial ► Less educated, lower wages, lower SES (edu, wage, profession, neighborhood) Curvilinear pattern for women Women who have lowest level of edu and SES and Women who have highest edu and SES More likely to be cohabiting ► Less traditional (more liberal) and lower religiousity ► Women, but not men, who value their careers More likely to have first union in cohabitation than in marriage ► Children of divorce – more likely to cohabit Reasons why couples cohabit: Reasons why couples cohabit: ► Alternative to marriage ► Trial marriage or testing compatibility ► Convenience & practicality ► Security ► Gain parental independence ► Maximize benefits while minimizing costs Living with someone allows sexual access, sharing cost of living, eating meals together, allows to end relationship easier than married – less structural commitment Less housework & more individual time Problems with research on cohabitation Problems with research on cohabitation ► 1. Researchers have failed to a. Cohabitation is like b. Cohabitation is c. Cohabitation is a Problems with research on cohabitation Problems with research on cohabitation ► 2. Little consensus ­ ________ of cohabitation Problems with research on cohabitation Problems with research on cohabitation ► 3. Treating cohabitors as __________ group rather than ___________ Casper & Sayer (2000) ►_______ of cohabitors ►________ explain why cohabitors sometimes Relationship Outcomes Relationship Outcomes ►Cohabitors report more ►Cohabitation is associated with: Increased risk for ►Especially among those who cohabited with Relationship Outcomes Relationship Outcomes ►Cohabitation is associated with: _______ risk for divorce, especially • • • • _____ marital communication quality Lower Increased perception of Increased likelihood of Types of Cohabitors Types of Cohabitors ► Casper & Sayer (2000) & Casper & Bianci (2000): 1. Serious dating relationship 2. Trial marriage Types of Cohabitors Types of Cohabitors ► Casper & Sayer Continued (2000): 3. Precursor to marriage (premarital) 4. Substitute for marriage Cohabiting Groups: Certainty about Cohabiting Groups: Certainty about Marriage and the Relationship CERTAINTY ABOUT CERTAINTY ABOUT THE Substitute for Marriage Precursor for Marriage Serious Dating Relationship Trial Marriage What Happens to These Cohabiting What Happens to These Cohabiting Relationships? Types of cohabitation Dating Precursor Trial Substitute Outcome of Relationship after 5­7 years All Still Live Couples Marrie Separated Together Percent d 29% 46% 21% 33% 46% 31% 17% 52% 15% 51% 21% 28% 10% 35% 40% 25% Should I live with my partner Should I live with my partner before we get married? ► Do you agree or disagree? ► Attitudes about cohabitation Cohabitation & Marital Success Cohabitation & Marital Success ► Early Studies Cohabitation prior to marriage ► More Recent Studies _____ of cohabitation (______ for cohabitation) matter most Cohabitation & Marital Success Cohabitation & Marital Success ► Why? Attachment & Cohabitors as _______ Behavioral differences Cohabitation & Marital Success Cohabitation & Marital Success ► 1. Selection Effect People who cohabit are 3rd variable “Z” is cause – ► Attitudes ► Behaviors Cohabitation & Marital Success Cohabitation & Marital Success ► 2. Causal Influence (a.k.a experience effect) The experience of cohabitation ►Changes in _________ ►Changes in _________ Cohabitation & Marital Success Cohabitation & Marital Success ► Paul Amato’ research Longitudinal study 2 cohorts: ► Married between yrs. 1964­1980 ► Married between yrs. 1981­1997 Cohabitation & Marital Success Cohabitation & Marital Success ► Scott Stanley’s research ►Why? Relationship _________ ________ vs. ________ Cohabitation & Marital Success Cohabitation & Marital Success ► Stanley’s research ►Researchers recommendations: Partners talk about… ...
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