Lecture 8_31post - Main Points Making a variety of carbon...

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Main Points Making a variety of carbon molecules-- continued Macromolecules are built by condensation and digested by hydrolysis. Carbohydrate monomers are simple sugars. Polysaccharides are formed by linking carbohydrate monomers.
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Vary the length of the carbon chain. _ H
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Vary shape of Carbon Chain
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Adding Double Bonds
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Add functional groups.
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Hydroxyl Aldehyde Keto Carboxyl Alcohols Ethanol Aldehydes Acetaldehyde Ketones Acetone Acetate Carboxylic acids Polar. Hydrogen bonds with water to help dissolve molecules. Enables linkage to other molecules by condensation. C=O group is very reactive. Important in building molecusle and in energy-releasing reactions. C=O group is important in carbohydrates and in energy reactions. Acidic. Ionizes in living tissues to form —COO– and H+. Enters into condensation reactions by giving up —OH. Some carboxylic acids improtant in energy- releasing reactions.
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Amino Phosphate Sulfhydryl Amines Methylamine 3-Phosphoglycerate Mercaptoethanol
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Lecture 8_31post - Main Points Making a variety of carbon...

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