learning - Learning Learning Processes Classical...

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Unformatted text preview: Learning Learning Processes Classical conditioning Behaviorism Operant conditioning Adaptation to the Environment Learningany process through which experience at one time can alter an individuals behavior at a future time Behaviorism The attempt to understand observable activity in terms of observable stimuli and observable responses John B. Watson (1913) B. F. Skinner (1938) Ivan Pavlov (18491936) Pavlovs Dogs Digestive reflexes and salivation Psychic secretion Neutral StimulusBell Does not normally elicit a response or reflex action by itself a bell ringing a color a furry object Unconditioned Stimulus Food Always elicits a reflex action: an unconditioned response food blast of air noise Unconditioned Response Salivation A response to an unconditioned stimulusnaturally occurring Salivation at smell of food Eye blinks at blast of air Startle reaction in babies Conditioned StimulusBell The stimulus that was originally neutral becomes conditioned after it has been paired with the unconditioned stimulus Will eventually elicit the unconditioned response by itself Conditioned Response The original unconditioned response becomes conditioned after it has been elicited by the neutral stimulus Classical Conditioning Phenomenon Extinction Spontaneous recovery Generalization Discrimination training John B. Watson and Little Albert Conditioned emotional responses Generalization Extinction Classical Conditioning and Drug Use...
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learning - Learning Learning Processes Classical...

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