Explain what an information system is

Explain what an information system is - Explain what an...

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Explain what an information system is, contrasting its data, technology, people, and organizational components. ANSWER: Information systems are combinations of hardware, software, and telecommunications networks that people build and use to collect, create, and distribute useful data, typically in organizational settings.The technical components include the entire collection of hardware, software, and infrastructure or network components. This also includes the data resources of the organization. The people and organizational components include the users who interact with the system on an ongoing basis, as well as the IT professionals who operate and maintain the technical aspects of the system. Data is raw material—recorded, unformatted information, such as words and numbers. Data has no meaning in and of itself.Information is data that has been formatted and/or organized in some way as to be useful to people.Knowledge is the body of governing procedures, such as guidelines or rules, which are used to organize and manipulate data to make it suitable for a given task. Knowledge is needed to understand relationships between different pieces of information.Wisdom is accumulated knowledge, gained through a combination of academic study and personal experience, that goes beyond knowledge by representing broader, more generalized rules and schemas for understanding a specific domain or domains; wisdom allows you to understand how to apply concepts from one domain to new situations or problems. Describe international business and information systems strategies used by companies operating in a digital world. ANSWER: Organizations use a variety of information systems strategies to manage international operations most effectively. For example, Nestlé, one of the world’s largest food producers, with over 500 factories and operations in more than 70 countries, is also considered to be one of the world’s most globalized companies. Firms such as Nestlé that are operating in multiple nations can pursue three distinct types of information systems strategies: (1) multinational, (2) global, and (3) transnational information systems strategies (Ramarapu and Lado, 1995)
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Describe the components of an organization’s communications and collaboration infrastructure and highlight current trends. ANSWER: The organization’s communication and collaboration needs are the third major infrastructure component. As with the hardware and software infrastructure, some changes in the organizations’ needs have taken place over the past years; for example, e-mail has become the communications medium of choice for many people. However, for some topics, other forms of communication are more suited, so managers turn to the telephone, instant messaging, meetings, or videoconferences. One recent trend to satisfy such diverse communication and collaboration needs is the growing convergence of computing and telecommunications.
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Explain what an information system is - Explain what an...

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