Anthro Midterm Key Terms

Anthro Midterm Key Terms - Anthro Midterm Key Terms Chapter...

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Anthro Midterm Key Terms Chapter 1 Biological determinism – a theory that explains human behavior and ideas as shaped mainly by biological features such as genes and hormones Class – a way of categorizing people on the basis of their economic position in society, usually measure in terms of income or wealth Cultural constructionism – a theory that explains human behavior and ideas as shaped mainly by learning Cultural relativism – the perspective that each culture must be understood in terms of the values and ideas of that culture and not judged by the standards of another culture Ethnicity – a shared sense of identity among members of a group based on heritage, language, or culture Ethnocentrism – judging another culture by the standards of one’s own culture rather than by the standards of that particular culture Holism – the perspective in anthropology that cultures are complex systems that cannot be fully understood without paying attention to their different components, including economics, social organization, and ideology “Race” – a classification of people into groups on the basis of supposedly homogeneous and largely superficial biological traits such as skin color or hair characteristics Chapter 2 Anthropogenic – caused by humans Evolution – inherited and cumulative change in the characteristics of a species, population, or culture
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Anthro Midterm Key Terms - Anthro Midterm Key Terms Chapter...

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