Notes 10-5-11

Notes - Notes The Birth of Discipline 19th century anthropologists worked on the topic of social evolution Franz Boas founded US anthropology on

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Notes 10/5/11 The Birth of Discipline 19 th century anthropologists worked on the topic of “social evolution” Franz Boas founded US anthropology on different concepts o Historical particularism – history of particular places o Cultural relativism – not going to judge a particular culture based on one’s own beliefs; understand other cultures in their terms “Armchair” anthropologists o Not too much field research o Sought grand explanatory theories o Mixed pre-historical, historical and present-day evidence o Evolutionary schema Lewis Henry Morgan – “armchair” anthropologist, lawyer, amateur anthropologist, studied ethnography of Iroquois, Ancient Society (1877) o Unilineal Social Evolution: “progress” Savagery > barbarism > civilization Defined by technology o Marx and Engels used Morgan to interpret the evolution of human society Boas – Career o PhD in Germany o Clark University (1888-1892) o Museum of Natural History, NYC (1895-1905)
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This note was uploaded on 11/13/2011 for the course ANTH 2 taught by Professor Hindes during the Fall '08 term at UCSB.

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Notes - Notes The Birth of Discipline 19th century anthropologists worked on the topic of social evolution Franz Boas founded US anthropology on

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