Notes 10-17-11

Notes 10-17-11 - o Archaeological evidence of pastoralism...

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Notes 10/17/11 Livelihoods Economic Anthropology “Social Reproduction” o Production, consumption, exchange o Social organization How do people live? Foraging – getting things about of the environment o Gathering and hunting o Original human adaptive strategy o Mostly seeds, nuts, plants, small animals Not much big game o Environment o Mobility: geographical and social o Gender – social hierarchy of men over women does not exist in foraging societies o No “untouched” foragers o Egalitarian: little stratification !Kung San – foraging society in Southern Africa o Live in the arid Kalahari desert o Semi-permanent villages of 10-30 people Follow water sources o Intimate knowledge of environment and landscapes Pristine? o Traditional view of foraging: isolated, ancient livelihood o Revisionist view of foraging: a response to current environmental and social conditions o 1965: 80% were herders, farmers, or workers
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Unformatted text preview: o Archaeological evidence of pastoralism, metalwork in the Kalahari since 500 a.d. • “Survival or “Affluence”? o Earlier anthropologists saw foragers as living on the “edge of survival” Unlimited wants; limited goods o Marshall Sahlins: “original affluent society” Limited wants; well adapted • Cultivation – growing things o Horticulture Non-intensive Slash-and-burn mobile o Agriculture Intensive Animals Irrigation Intensive in capital, labor, technology Shared infrastructure Sedentarism Increased yields: surplus Peasantries • Pastoralism – using pastor to grow animals o Domesticated animals Cattle, sheep, goats, llamas Meat, milk, blood, wool, labor, manure o Mobility: Nomadism and Transhumance o Commonly combined with cultivation...
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This note was uploaded on 11/13/2011 for the course ANTH 2 taught by Professor Hindes during the Fall '08 term at UCSB.

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Notes 10-17-11 - o Archaeological evidence of pastoralism...

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