MOTIVATION 2010

MOTIVATION 2010 - MOTIVATION...

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MOTIVATION
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MOTIVATION Forces within an individual that account for the level, direction, and persistence of effort . Push Forces: originate within the individual -- intrinsic motivators Pull Forces: Originate outside the individual – extrinsic motivators
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Equity theory is based on individual’s desire for __________ in the workplace. A. Satisfaction B. Need fulfillment C. Justice D. Self-actualization E. Job enlargement
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Do all people react the same to inequity? Equity Sensitives: desire an exact 1:1 ratio Equity Benevolents: don’t mind getting a little less for their inputs Equity Entitleds: want the equity equation to be in their favor or else they are dissatisfied.
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What happens if you don’t treat people fairly? They are motivated to: 1. change the outcomes 2. change the inputs 3. reevaluate the other’s inputs/ outputs 4. change referent 5. leave
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PAPER CLIPS!
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Expectancy Theory Looks at motivation rationally Motivation results from individuals’ beliefs that 1. A certain level of effort will lead to a certain level of performance (expectancy) 2. A specific level of performance will result in a specified reward (instrumentality) 3. The reward will be something they desire (valence)
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Expectancy Theory Motivation = (e p) (p o) (v) This is a multiplicative theory. Therefore if any factor = zero, there is NO motivation to perform
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MASLOW’S NEEDS HIERARCHY 5 Types of needs: Deficiency needs: Physiological, Safety, Social, Growth needs: Esteem, Self-actualization Must be activated hierarchically You can go backward! Little research support for exact needs named by
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MOTIVATION 2010 - MOTIVATION...

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