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Unformatted text preview: HATER. WHITE POEWER Chapter 5 1. HATER Biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in behavior, relatively uninfluenced by experience. Ex: dont have to teach children how to sit up, crawl; It is a process that unfolds naturally without teaching because it is genetically encoded Nigger HATER 2. In Piagets theory, what are the stages of cognitive development? (0-2) Sensorimotor: experiencing the world through sense and action. (2-6 or 7) Preoperational: representing things with words and images; using intuitive rather than logical reasoning. The goal is to gain a theory of mind (lose ones egocentrism). (7-11) Concrete operational: thinking logically about concrete events; grasping concrete analogies and performing arithmetical operations; understand that change in form doesnt mean change in quantity, (12-adulthood) Formal operational: abstract reasoning 3. According to Piaget, what is a schema? By definition, a schema is a concept or framework that organizes and interprets information. As humans, were constantly learning and struggling to make sense of our experiences; to counter this, we create schemas in which we can pour our experiences into and make sense of them; By adulthood, weve built countless schemas, ranging from cats and dogs to concept of love 4. What is assimilation? When does it occur? Child first tries to integrate new information with existing schemas Takes what he is learning and makes it part of his schemas. Occurs over lifetime. 5. What is accommodation? When does it occur? Adapting current schemas to incorporate new information.Occurs over lifetime. 6. How does the child acquire information about the world during the sensorimotor stage? developing a memIn this stage, babies take in the world through their senses and actions through looking, hearing, touching, mouthing and grasping 7. What kind of cognitive abilities does the child acquire during the sensorimotor stage? The task during this stage is to develop differentiations and basic schemas. They learn object permanence: learning that an object exists even if the child cannot sense it, 8. What is object permanence? What kinds of things can a child do after acquiring object permanence that s/he could not do before? Learning that an object exists even if the child cannot sense it. The child can now question his/her senses 9. What do the findings that show that babies look longer at impossible figures than possible figures indicate about Piagets view of infancy? HATER. WHITE POEWER Babies seem to have a more intuitive grasp of simple laws of physics than Piaget realized 10. What kind of cognitive abilities does the child acquire during the stage of preoperational development?...
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- Spring '07