chapter03 - 3. Organic Compounds: Alkanes and Their...

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3. Organic Compounds: Alkanes and Their Stereochemistry Based on McMurry’s Organic Chemistry , 7 th edition
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Why this Chapter Alkanes are unreactive, but provide useful vehicle to introduce important ideas about organic compounds Alkanes will be used to discuss basic approaches to naming organic compounds We will take an initial look at 3-D aspects of molecules
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3.1 Functional Groups Functional group - collection of atoms at a site that have a characteristic behavior in all molecules where it occurs The group reacts in a typical way, generally independent of the rest of the molecule For example, the double bonds in simple and complex alkenes react with bromine in the same way
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Functional Groups with Multiple Carbon–Carbon Bonds Alkenes have a C-C double bond Alkynes have a C-C triple bond Arenes have special bonds that are represented as alternating single and double C-C bonds in a six- membered ring
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Functional Groups with Carbon Singly Bonded to an Electronegative Atom
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Groups with a Carbon–Oxygen Double Bond (Carbonyl Groups)
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Survey of Functional Groups
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Survey of Functional Groups
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3.2 Alkanes and Alkane Isomers Alkanes: Compounds with C-C single bonds and C-H bonds only (no functional groups) Connecting carbons can lead to large or small molecules
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This note was uploaded on 11/13/2011 for the course CHEM 12a taught by Professor Adamczeski during the Fall '10 term at San Jose City College.

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chapter03 - 3. Organic Compounds: Alkanes and Their...

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