RADT_150_Unit_10_Exam - RADT 150 Patient Care in...

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Unformatted text preview: RADT 150 Patient Care in Radiography II Unit 10 Exam Medications and their Administration 2 10.0 Medications and Their Administration Directions: 1. Write your name and the date on your scantron form. Identify the subject as the course number (for example, RADT 101) along with the test number (for example, Unit 1). 2. For each of the questions below, select the best answer to the question. 3. Using a No. 2 pencil, fill in the appropriate answer on the answer sheet. 4. Erase unwanted answers completely. Questions with two or more filled in answer spaces are graded as incorrect. 5. Answer all questions. 6. You have a maximum 15 minutes to complete the following 25 questions. (Note this time factor approximates the amount of time you would be allowed to answer the same number of questions on the Registry examination in radiography) -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1. Veins of the________________ are used as a last resort. A. B. C. D. E. 2. Posterior hand Antecubital space Radial aspect of the wrist Anterior forearm Outer aspect of thigh The study of how drugs enter the body, are absorbed, reach their sit of action, are metabolized, and exit the body. A. B. C. D. E. Pharmacology Pharmacokinetics Therapeuticology Pharmacodynamics Absorption 3 3. Drugs placed under the _________ or inside the ___________ are absorbed into the blood through the oral mucosa and are immediately available without having to be digested and absorbed through the stomach or bowel. A. B. C. D. E. 4. _________________ of a drug occurs when receptors and drugs lock together. A. B. C. D. E. 5. Distribution Absorption Metabolism Excretion Therapeutic effects List the antimicrobial(s) from the list below. A. B. C. D. E. 6. arm, rectum eyes, ear skin, rectum tongue, cheek eyes, cheek Disinfectant Alcohol Betadine Antibiotics all of the above The process by which a drug enters the systemic circulation in order to provide a desired effect. A. B. C. D. E. Absorption Distribution Metabolism Therapeutic action Insertion 4 7. State the equation used to determine how much liquid will provide a given dose of a solid. A. B. C. D. E. 8. A painful and dangerous disorder that is caused from the leakage of IV fluids or medications, or when IV fluids or medications are accidentally injected into tissues surrounding a vein. A. B. C. D. E. 9. True False Which of the following is not a responsibility of the radiographer? A. B. C. D. E. 11. Angina pectoralis Extravasation Hematoma Edema None of the above The majority of the absorption of medication given orally is in the small intestine. A. B. 10. = Volume Dose Strength Strength x Volume=Dose Strength = Volume Dose The dose is equal to the strength None of the above Checking the allergic history of patients. Preparing medication for administration. Verifying patient identification. Assisting the physician. Prescribe the exact dosage of the drug. What does the gauge of a hypodermic needle indicate? A. B. C. D. E. The type of medication to use. How much medication can be held in the needle. The type of needle. The shape of the needle. The diameter of the needle. 5 12. These are composed of a barrel with a measurement scale on the outside and a plunger to force the contents through the needle. They are supplied in individual sterile paper wraps and the tip of the plunger is usually composed of latex. A. B. C. D. E. 13. Which step below is not included in the procedure for administering medication that is supplied in a vial? A. B. C. D. E. 14. Inject a volume of air double to the amount of fluid you wish to remove. Remove the needle cover and pull down the plunger of the syringe to the desired reading. Insert the needle through the stopper and inject the air into the bottle. Insert the bottle and make sure the needle tip is below the fluid level. None of the above. State who would countersign the chart if a radiographer charted the medication. A. B. C. D. E. 15. Reusable plastic syringe Glass syringe Hypodermic needle Disposable plastic syringe Butterfly set Another radiographer A nurse The physician A witness, doesn't matter who. It does not need to be countersigned. What makes up the two-part system of an IV catheter? A. B. C. D. E. A needle and a butterfly set. The plastic catheter is the only part of the system. The plastic bag filled with medication. A needle that fits inside a flexible plastic catheter. There is only a one-part system, the hypodermic needle. 6 16. What is a small adapter with a diaphragm that is attached to an IV catheter when more than one injection is anticipated? A. B. C. D. E. 17. Hyaline lock Disposable syringe Interchangeable port Glass syringe Intermittent injection port Which of the following are areas of enteral route drug administration? 1. 2. 3. 4. A. B. C. D. E. 18. Oral Topical Sublingual Rectal 1, 3, and 4 1, 2, and 3 2 and 4 1 and 3 1 only Place the seven steps in order for IV infusion setup. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. A. B. C. D. E. Remove the protective cover from the access port. Avoid contamination. Setup is ready for attachment to IV catheter. Pinch drip chamber to draw fluid into chamber. Unclamp the chamber to fill tubing and reclamp. Invert the bag or bottle and suspend from a pole. Fill chamber about half full. With tubing clamped off, insert the drip chamber firmly into the access port. 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 3, 7, 5, 5, 2, 7, 5, 7, 7, 3, 5, 3, 3, 3, 4, 4, 6, 4, 6, 5, 6, 4, 6, 4, 6, 2 2 2 2 7 7 19. A small amount of flush solution is injected through the intermittent injection port only immediately after it is established. A. B. 20. Which of the following is not a step to take when extravasation occurs? A. B. C. D. E. 21. Remove the needle and attend to the problem before proceeding with an injection at another site. Write out an incident report of the event. Assure the patient that the pain is only temporary. Maintain pressure on the vein until bleeding has stopped completely. After the bleeding has stopped, apply a warm pack to the affected area to help alleviate the pain. Which of the following are (is a) step(s) that can be taken if a vein is not immediately apparent after a tourniquet is applied? A. B. C. D. E. 22. True False Remove the tourniquet and begin again with the other arm. Add a second tourniquet distal from the first. Let the arm hang down for a few seconds and then gently slap the skin over the area where the vein should appear. Both A and C All of the above. The area around the injection site will be cool, swollen, and boggy. These are signs of _____________. A. B. C. D. E. Pulmonary edema Infiltration Infection Low blood sugar Poor circulation 8 23. List the requirements that forms for controlled substances are required to have when administering any medication. A. B. C. D. E. 24. Which of the following are a type of parenteral injections? A. B. C. D. E. 25. Date Patient’s name Physician's name Both A and B All of the above Intradermal Intramuscular Subcutaneous Both A and B All of the above This method involves connecting a bag or bottle of medication via its own IV tubing to an existing IV line. A. B. C. D. E. "leapfrog" Extravasation Double clip Synosoidal method "Piggyback" ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/12/2011 for the course RADIOLOGY 150 taught by Professor Walters during the Spring '11 term at Boise State.

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