RADT_150_Unit_12_Exam

RADT_150_Unit_12_Exam - RADT 150 Patient Care in...

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Unformatted text preview: RADT 150 Patient Care in Radiography II Unit 12 Exam Preparation and Examination of the GI Tract 2 12.0 Preparation and Examination of the GI Tract Directions: 1. Write your name and the date on your Scantron form. Identify the subject as the course number (for example, RADT 153) along with the test number (for example, Unit 4). 2. For each of the questions below, select the best answer to the question. 3. Using a No. 2 pencil, fill in the appropriate answer on the answer sheet. 4. Erase unwanted answers completely. Questions with two or more filled in answer spaces are graded as incorrect. 5. Answer all questions. 6. You have a maximum 15 minutes to complete the following 25 questions. (Note: This time factor approximates the amount of time you would be allowed to answer the same number of questions on the Registry examination in radiography). 1. Radiopaque substances that are injected into the body to produce radiographic images of internal structures are called_______________. A. B. C. D. E. 2. Barium Contrast media Iodine Anesthesia Intravenous imaging In preparation of an inpatient the radiographer must be responsible for..... A. B. C. D. E. Preparations are current Preparations are carried out Performing the preparation A and B None of the above 3 3. Which of the following is not used as a method for cleaning of the bowel. A. B. C. D. E. 4. Diet Contrast media Cathartics Suppositories Enemas Which of the following is not considered a cathartic? A. B. C. D. E. 5. Bisacodyl Citrate of magnesia Castor oil Milk of magnesia Mag citrate Which of the following is not something a radiographer should be aware of and advise the patient of when giving a cathartic? A. B. C. D. E. 6. Barium ___________ liquid and tends to _________ in time. A. B. C. D. E. 7. Higher doses given to patients with diabetes Higher doses given to patients with chronic constipation Lower doses given to patients with chronic diarrhea Stomach spasms Cathartics may cause persistent diarrhea Avoids, solidifies Avoids, absorbs Absorbs, breaks down Absorbs, catalyzes Absorbs, solidifies Esophagus studies require a _________ mixture of barium. A. B. C. D. E. Thin Thick Watery Flavored Granule 4 8. Single contrast barium enemas require a ________ mixture of barium. A. B. C. D. E. 9. Iodinated compounds replace barium in patients with suspected rupture or trauma to the GI tract because iodinated compounds can be __________ into the body and excreted. A. B. C. D. E. 10. Dark Light White Gray Without a change A cuff used to keep the barium inside the patient and is inflated with an air pump is called a ___________. A. B. C. D. E. 12. Distributed Absorbed Digested Secreted Liquified Air contrast is a negative contrast by showing up ________on the film. A. B. C. D. E. 11. Granule Flavored Watery Thin Thick Enema cuff Drape cuff Self-retaining cuff Retention cuff Indwelling cuff The position the patient must be in to insert an enema tip is called __________. A. B. C. D. E. Supine Prone Recumbent Lateral Recumbent Trendelenburg 5 13. ___________ is the position for the fluoroscopic study. A. B. C. D. E. 14. When an exam is completed ______________ is/are done. A. B. C. D. E. 15. Higher Left alone Lower Inverted None of the above When a barium enema can not be used the technologist should use _______. A. B. C. D. E. 17. Cleansing enemas Retention catheter inflation Postevacuation radiographs Administration of iodinated contrast All of the above After the exam, the enema bag may be __________ than the level of the table to allow the barium to drain. A. B. C. D. E. 16. Supine Prone Recumbent Lateral Recumbent Trendelenburg Iodine contrast A cathartic contrast Aqueous iodine contrast IV contrast None of the above _____________ occurs when barium leaks into the peritoneal cavity because of a perforated colon. A. B. C. D. E. Barium ostomy Double barrel peritonitis Barium poisoning Barium peritonitis Radiopaque peritonitis 6 18. A precautionary measure that may be taken to avoid barium peritonitis is ____________. A. B. C. D. E. 19. Fecal matter is expelled through the ________ automatically because the patient has no ___________ control. A. B. C. D. E. 20. The esophagus The duodenum The ileocecal valve The stomach None of the above The patient must be in the _________ position for an upper GI exam. A. B. C. D. E. 22. Colostomy, involuntary Colostomy, voluntary Stoma, involuntary Stoma, voluntary Stoma, muscle Which of the following anatomical parts of the abdomen is not visualized on an upper GI exam? A. B. C. D. E. 21. Lowering the enema bag Keep the enema bag at the height of the table Use aqueous iodinated contrast media Both A and C None of the above Supine Prone Trendelenburg Upright Recumbent The patient is sometimes asked to stop breathing and bear down as it they were having a bowel movement, during a fluoroscopic exam. This is called __________. A. B. C. D. E. Valsalva maneuver Vagus response Valentin’s maneuver A and B None of the above 7 23. What does a hypotonic duodenography study detect? A. B. C. D. E. 24. Using the oral method of inducing contrast media into the small bowel, the first radiograph is taken ________ minutes after ingestion, and any additional radiographs are taken every _______ minutes following, until the entire small bowel is visualized. A. B. C. D. E. 25. Pancreatic Cancer Lesions in the duodenum Lesions in the illeum A and B A and C 10, 15 10, 10 15, 10 15,15 15, 5 ________________ is an injection of nutrient or medicational liquid into the small bowel. A. B. C. D. E. Entercolytis Valsalva maneuver Anastomosis Indwelling None of the above ...
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