Week 4- Instrumental Conditioning 1and2

Week 4- Instrumental Conditioning 1and2 - Week 4-...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Week 4- Instrumental Conditioning 1 Another type of learning called Instrumental Conditioning involves explicit training between voluntary behaviors and their consequences. INSTRUMENTAL CONDITOINING: The learning of a contingency between behavior and consequence. THORNDIKE’S EXPERIMENT: Measured time it took cat to learn to open door by pulling string. LAW OF EFFECT -behaviors with positive consequences are stamped in -behaviors with negative consequences are stamped out Behavioral responses are changed by both positive reinforcers and negative reinforcers, each of which can either be presented or removed. o This leades to four different types of instrumental conditioning: 1. Presenting a positive reinforcer (reward) 2. Removing a positive reinforcer (omission) 3. Presenting a negative reinforcer (punishment) 4. Removing a negative reinforcer (escape) Presentation of a positive reinforcer following a response reward increases the behavior. Presentation of a negative reinforcer following a response punishment decreases the behavior.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 3

Week 4- Instrumental Conditioning 1and2 - Week 4-...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online