Week 5- Language - Week 5- Language When we communicate, we...

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Week 5- Language When we communicate, we send and receive information to another individual or group. (language is the most complex form of communication) -Most psychologists consider only human communication to be language. Researchers have identified 3 criteria that outline a “true” language. 1. Language is irregular, meaning that it is governed by rules and grammar. 2. Language is arbitrary. 3. Language is productive. Whorf-Sapir Hypothesis: language influences our thoughts and the way we perceive and experience the world. -there are over 3000 languages active in the world today. -all languages use sounds or words, or symbols, to transmit information. - Morpheme: The smallest unit of sound that contains information. Often a word, but some words contain multiple morphemes. EX; (table) one (table)(cloth) two (table)(s) two -In oral languages, morphemes are the smallest unit of sound that contain information, but they are not the absolute smallest units of language. -We can break a morpheme apart into its constituent sounds, called phonemes. EX; /d/, /o/, /g/ - Syntax: The rules that govern how sentences are put together. Aka, grammar. -While syntax defines the set of rules that organize the words and sounds in language,
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Week 5- Language - Week 5- Language When we communicate, we...

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