Week 8- Personality - Week 8: Personality Personality 1...

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Week 8: Personality Personality 1 -numerous definitions for personality problem is that personality is not real because it has no physical existence. personality is an idea, an abstract concept that we use because it seems to express or capture something important about our experiences. abstract concept is referred to as “hypothetical constructs” -science is full of hypothetical constructs that help us organize and understand our experiences. -Type approach oldest approach to personality assumes that there are a small number of distinct personality types proposed by Greek physician Hippocrates; he believed that the human body was made up of four “humours”: blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile, with personality determined by the balance of these four humours. Approaches to Personality Psychodynamic approach o Sigmund Freud (first modern theory of personality) o Sees personality as generated by internal psychic structures or processes. The characteristics of internal structures in your mind, and the way they interact with each other, determine how we feel and behave. (structures are unconscious) o Freud’s tripartite model of personality structures Id Libido Seek out water, food, air, sex Experience pleasures, avoid pain (pleasure principle) ---->selfish and impatient unconcious Ego Mediator between two extremes Aware of outside reality and what is going on in world outside individual Balance between desires of id and demands of superego, while ensuring that its realistically possible to do so Split between 3 stages of consciousness: conscious, preconscious, unconscious
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Superego Focused on upholding moral principles Ensure that you remain morally perfect, by obeying rules and respecting values Comes into play around the age of 5 and 6 Conscience stems form superego Predominantly in the unconscious, but a small portion in preconscious The struggle among conscious and unconscious influences represented among these three levels is the major motivating forces in humans. If an id impulse is immoral, conscious ego feels moral anxiety If an id impulse leads to punishment, conscious ego feels neurotic anxiety Conscious ego is protected against anxiety by defense mechanisms created by the unconscious ego. Repression o Ego blocks id impulse from reaching consciousness o Information can sometimes slip through o Impulse starts in the unconscious and never becomes conscious Denial o Conscious ego engaged in an activity, but the unconscious ego prevents any memory of the event. o
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This note was uploaded on 11/13/2011 for the course PSYCH 1X03 taught by Professor Jim during the Fall '09 term at McMaster University.

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Week 8- Personality - Week 8: Personality Personality 1...

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