Week 9- Psychopathology 1

Week 9- Psychopathology 1 - Week 9: Psychopathology 1 -It...

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Week 9: Psychopathology 1 -It is often hard to define what makes behavior abnormal (differ in culture, time period, people) fixed set of criteria to broadly define abnormalities “4 D’s” 1. Deviance refers to having thoughts, emotions and behaviors that fall far outside the standards of what others are doing also includes those who fall well below and well above the standard of group 2. Distress person experiences intense negative feelings due to their behavior (anxiety, sadness, despair) exceptions: -bipolar patients in manic phase(extremely elated and larger than life) -antisocial patients (no remorse or distress) 3. Dysfunction Behavior tends to interfere with persons ability to function properly in daily lives. Often “maladaptive” behaviors => prevent individual adapting to environment. 4. Danger Danger to oneself or another Person engaging in risky behavior, lead to drug addiction Person engages in violence towards others Some engage in risky behaviors everyday Extreme sports, office workers with bad food + no exercise -Normal vs abnormal not clear-cut, need to properly diagnose/classify disorder using guidelines from a book called; Diagnostic and Statistical Manuel, aka DSM. - DSM has 2 main functions; provides standardized criteria to aid in diagnosis 1) clinicians have common set of criteria for applying diagnostic label to symptoms of patients. 2) Allows researchers to talk about mental disorders using common language -DSM as 2 main criteria; must be met before diagnosis, regardless of disorder 1) Disordered behavior must originate within the person, not as a reaction to external factors (ex, person crying uncontrollably- depression vs. lost family in car accident)
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2) Disordered behavior must be involuntary, and person is unable to control symptoms (rules out: person dressed up for football game, or person on hunger strike for protest) -DSM attempts to group similar disorders together (assumption that similarities suggest common cause & can be similarly treated) ->but….some things change (researchers discover new information) -->leads to…. .changes in criteria for diagnosis & groupings of disorders --->thus……new version of DSM is released -DSM…ONLY describes pattern of symptoms DOES NOT offer explanation for disorder or suggest treatment -BUT having label for set of abnormal behaviors only helpful if an explanation or treatment plan (DSM doesn’t have this) SO…turn to models of psychopathology=> attempt to explain causes/treatments -4 main models of psychopathology 1. Biological Aka medical/disease model Assumes psychological disorder result from malfunction in brain Causes: physically damaged OR abnormal activity of chemicals in brain; neurotransmitters Points^^: genetics, nutrition, disease, stress Treatment: drugs, electroconvulsive shock/ brain surgery (extreme cases)
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Week 9- Psychopathology 1 - Week 9: Psychopathology 1 -It...

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