Bus Law6 - Chapter 5 Practical Internet Exercises 1)...

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Chapter 5 Practical Internet Exercises 1) File-sharing (more specifically, "peer-to-peer file-sharing" or "P2P") is in simple terms a way for people connected to the Internet to share files stored on their computers. File- sharing services such as Kazaa, Grokster, Morpheus, i-Mesh, etc. provide software which enables people to search for files on other people’s computers. Most people use these services to search for music and video files in order to download (copy) them to their own computers. File-sharing software can be downloaded for free on the Internet although some file-sharing services charge a fee for premium services (such as versions which block pop-up advertisements, etc.). Whether file-sharing is illegal or not depends on exactly what is being shared. There are certainly legal uses for file-sharing software. For example, many independent musicians chose to make their music available on file- sharing networks to try to generate interest in their music (even though they receive no payment from file-sharing of their music). However, it is generally illegal to use file- sharing software to trade copyrighted music or other copyrighted works (e.g., movies, software, photographs, etc.) without the copyright owner’s permission. In other words, it is the copyright owner (whether a relatively unknown independent artist or a record company which owns the copyright to a very well known artist’s recordings) who is legally entitled to decide whether to make their works freely available through file- sharing. Most copyright owners will likely chose not to do so since they do not receive any payment from file-sharing of their works. The vast majority of file-trading activity is illegal since most of the works being traded are popular copyrighted music which has not been authorized to be distributed through file-sharing. This violates the copyright owner’s rights of reproduction and distribution under U.S. copyright law. Although some people still seem to believe that file-sharing of copyrighted works is not illegal, every court that has addressed this issue so far has clearly indicated that it is. Even in the music and movie industries’ lawsuit against the Grokster file-sharing service, where the court ruled that Grokster was not liable for infringements by users of its file-sharing software, the court stressed that the individual users are guilty of copyright infringement. 2)
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Bus Law6 - Chapter 5 Practical Internet Exercises 1)...

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