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Human Sexuality Final Exam Notes

Human Sexuality Final Exam Notes - 1 Human Sexuality Final...

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Human Sexuality Final Exam Notes CHAPTER 16: Variations in Sexual Behaviour WHEN IS SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR ABNORMAL? Defining Abnormal Several approaches used to define “abnormal” sexual behaviour Statistical definition → according to this approach, an abnormal sexual behaviour is one this is rare, or not practiced by many people. o Does not give us much insight into the psychological or social functioning of the person who engages in the behaviour Sociological approach → a deviant sexual behaviour is a sexual behaviour that violates the norms of society o Recognizes the importance of the individual’s interaction with society & of culture differences Psychological approach → Arnold Buss (1966) → “The three criteria of abnormality are discomfort, inefficiency, & bizarreness.” o ‘bizarreness’ → culturally defined (what seems bizarre in one culture may seem normal in another) Medical approach → recognizes 8 paraphilias: fetishism, transvestic fetishism, sexual sadism, sexual masochism, voyeurism, frotteurism, exhibitionism, & pedophilia ( Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) , 2000) PARAPHILIA- Recurring, unconventional sexual behaviour that is obsessive & compulsive o Additional diagnostic criteria for each specific disorder generally includes that: → the fantasies, urges, or behaviours have occurred over a period of at least 6 months → they cause ‘clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning’ o Pedophilia, the most serious paraphilia, is against the law → involves exploitation & force o All other behaviours violate community standards of taste (indecent exposure) INDECENT EXPOSURE- Showing one’s genitals in a public place to passersby; exhibitionism o No provision in the Criminal Code that deals w/ voyeurism; prosecuted under trespass or loitering provisions → gov. considering adding an offence of “surreptitious viewing & photographing of individuals in a sexual context o Gwen Jacobs (1991) → walked topless through Guelph & charged w/ committing an indecent act in a public place o Ontario Court of Appeal (1996) → ruled that women have a right to go topless as long as it is not for commercial gain or sexual purposes The Normal-Abnormal Continuum Normal from abnormal distinctions are difficult to make in reality o Lingerie → common sexual fetish object o Many people have mild fetishes, finding things such as silk underwear arousing which is very normal, only when the fetish becomes extreme is it abnormal Normal & abnormal are not 2 separate categories, they are graduations on a continuum o Mild or strong preference for silk panties → within the normal range of sexual behaviour o When silk panties become a necessity (man cannot be aroused without them) → abnormal behaviour o When man is obsessed with silk panties & shoplifts them → fetish has become paraphilia 1
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