Unformatted text preview: Building an American Empire
Building an American Empire The Imperial Vision
By the late 1800s, a number of influential Americans began to openly espouse the creation of an American Empire: an empire of liberty and prosperity.
This vision was often tied to older American notions:
• The “City upon a Hill”
• “Manifest Destiny” Causes?
– Social Darwinism
– Nationalism • Economics:
– Industrialization & Technology
– Search for new Markets & Resources Seward’s Folly
• Sec. of State William H. Seward
Sec. of State William H. Seward •1866 Russia wants to sell
• Seward advocates purchase
• Congress approves deal
•Critics called it “Seward’s Folly” Into the Deep Blue
Into the Deep Blue
• Hawaii (formerly Sandwich Islands) grants U.S. trading and base rights, 1875
– Pearl Harbor • Samoa becomes U.S. protectorate, 1878
– Pago Pago naval base
– American extraterritoriality Into the Deep Blue, cont.
Into the Deep Blue, cont.
• The Influence of Sea Power
Upon History (1890)
• Alfred Thayer Mahan
• National greatness comes, and is maintained by naval power Captain Mahan Into the Deep Blue, cont.
“It is sea power which is
essential to a very splendid
people. We are a great
people; we control this
continent; we are dominant in
this hemisphere: we have too
great an inheritance to be
trifled with . . . It is ours to
guard and extend.”
The USS Maine Senator Henry Cabot
Lodge speaking in
favor of building a
large, modern navy “I should welcome
almost any war, for I think this country needs one.”
TR, 1897 Into the Deep Blue
Into the Deep Blue
• 1887 Hawaiians forced to accept new constitutional government (to protect American planter interests).
• 1891 Queen Liliuokalani reasserts home rule.
• 1893 planter revolt (US Marines assist in coup détat).
• Hawaii annexed, 1898 Cuban revolt, 1895
Cuban Revolutionary Party HQ
In New York City.
William Randolph Hearst, New
Joseph Pulitzer, New York World
“Yellow Journalism” USS Maine’s “courtesy call” to Havana Harbor, Feb. 1898 USS Maine, February 15, 1898 Teddy Roosevelt’s “Rough Riders”
Teddy Roosevelt’s “Rough Riders” The Spanish-American War, 1898
The aged Spanish ships were no match for Admiral
Mahan’s modern fleet.
Mahan’s Battle of Manila Bay The Rough Rider becomes
President, 1901 With TR as President,
The U.S. begins serious
Search for isthmian
Hay-Herran Treaty with
Columbia rejects treaty Nation-Building: Panama
Treaty, 1903 U.S.S. Nashville arrives to Protect Independence “The Great American Lake” 1907
1907 President TR sends American battle fleet of 16 ships & 14,000 sailors
Around the world, Dec. 1907 to Feb. 1909. “I took the canal zone!” Former Pres. TR, 1914 The USS Texas passes
through the Panama Canal,
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