American Empire - Building an American Empire Building an...

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Unformatted text preview: Building an American Empire Building an American Empire The Imperial Vision By the late 1800s, a number of influential Americans began to openly espouse the creation of an American Empire: an empire of liberty and prosperity. This vision was often tied to older American notions: • The “City upon a Hill” • “Manifest Destiny” Causes? • Ideology: – Social Darwinism – Nationalism • Economics: – Industrialization & Technology – Search for new Markets & Resources Seward’s Folly • Sec. of State William H. Seward Sec. of State William H. Seward •1866 Russia wants to sell Alaska • Seward advocates purchase • Congress approves deal •$7.2 million •Critics called it “Seward’s Folly” Into the Deep Blue Into the Deep Blue • Hawaii (formerly Sandwich Islands) grants U.S. trading and base rights, 1875 – Pearl Harbor • Samoa becomes U.S. protectorate, 1878 – Pago Pago naval base – American extraterritoriality Into the Deep Blue, cont. Into the Deep Blue, cont. • The Influence of Sea Power Upon History (1890) • Alfred Thayer Mahan • National greatness comes, and is maintained by naval power Captain Mahan Into the Deep Blue, cont. “It is sea power which is essential to a very splendid people. We are a great people; we control this continent; we are dominant in this hemisphere: we have too great an inheritance to be trifled with . . . It is ours to guard and extend.” The USS Maine Senator Henry Cabot Lodge speaking in favor of building a large, modern navy “I should welcome almost any war, for I think this country needs one.” TR, 1897 Into the Deep Blue Into the Deep Blue • 1887 Hawaiians forced to accept new constitutional government (to protect American planter interests). • 1891 Queen Liliuokalani reasserts home rule. • 1893 planter revolt (US Marines assist in coup d­état). • Hawaii annexed, 1898 Cuban revolt, 1895 Cuban Revolutionary Party HQ In New York City. William Randolph Hearst, New York Journal Joseph Pulitzer, New York World “Yellow Journalism” USS Maine’s “courtesy call” to Havana Harbor, Feb. 1898 USS Maine, February 15, 1898 Teddy Roosevelt’s “Rough Riders” Teddy Roosevelt’s “Rough Riders” The Spanish-American War, 1898 The The aged Spanish ships were no match for Admiral The Mahan’s modern fleet. Mahan’s Battle of Manila Bay The Rough Rider becomes The President, 1901 With TR as President, The U.S. begins serious Search for isthmian Canal. Hay-Herran Treaty with Colombia, 1903 Columbia rejects treaty Nation-Building: Panama U.S. supports Panamanian Independence, 1903 Hay/Bunau Varilla Treaty, 1903 U.S.S. Nashville arrives to Protect Independence “The Great American Lake” 1907 1907 President TR sends American battle fleet of 16 ships & 14,000 sailors Around the world, Dec. 1907 to Feb. 1909. “I took the canal zone!” Former Pres. TR, 1914 The USS Texas passes through the Panama Canal, 1914. ...
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