euro 101 lecture 15 - Lecture 15 Polyclitus 5th c B.C...

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Lecture 15 10/25/11 Polyclitus 5 th c. B.C. brought to the highest level. Doryphoros ” (modern copy) Refinement of mobile repose /perfect proportions of the body Subtlety of the expression increases liveliness More pronounced musculature Polyclitus wrote Kanon (Rule) which tends to sum up rules for sculptures - His goal is to not instruct you how to do it but to describe the philosophy behind the sculptures. Again, lowered gaze suggests his mortal identity The weight of the body is on one foot while the other foot is relaxed. Some contrapposto in the pelvis. Hips (one forward one back on side….etc) Spear on left shoulder One leg is moving while the other one is in place. Asymmetrical composition. The Greeks valued that he refined contrapposto to the greatest degree possible. Idealization of body rather than portrayal of nudity (sexualization) In representation of a human being, he is describing the character and not simply the body itself. He is interested in the character of the man that stands behind the sculpture. Greek male sculptures are mostly nude, while females are sometimes in clothes. It is the celebration of athleticism? Some argue that it reveals ancient Greek sexuality (homosexuality). However, “homosexuality” is a modern term which did not apply to Greek ideas. “Sexuality” in modern sense is often defined in binary oppositions . Ostracism – being outcast from the society. This was a very grave punishment in ancient Greece.
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