Jacques Cartier First Contact with the Indians (1534)

Jacques Cartier First Contact with the Indians (1534) -...

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Jacques Cartier: First Contact with the Indians (1534) Jacques Cartier was responsible for France’s early possession of Canada, landing at Cape Gaspé while on a mission for King Frances I in 1534. Cartier’s search for a route to the Western Sea led him to discover and later explore in depth the Saint Lawrence River. Despite several voyages to Canada, however, Cartier’s dreams for riches were never fulfilled. For a multitude of reasons, including wars at home, the French lost interest in Canada and didn’t return until the 17th century. Cartier’s detailed description of the native peoples was probably expanded from his ship’s log. The Cape of the said South land was called The Cape of Hope(1), through the hope that there we had to finde some passage. The fourth of July we went along the coast of the said land on the Northerly side to find some harborough, where wee entred into a creek altogether open toward the South, where there is no succour against the wind: we thought good to name it S. Martines Creeke. There we stayed from the fourth of July until the twelfth: while we were there, on Munday being the sixth of the moneth, Service being done, wee with one of our boates went to discover a Cape and point of land that on the Westerne side was about seven or eight leagues from us, to see which way it did bend, and being within halfe a league of it, wee sawe two companies of boates of wilde men going from one land to the other: their boates were in number about fourtie or fiftie. One part of the which came to the said point, and a great number of men went on shore making a great noise, beckening unto us that wee should come on land, shewing us certaine skinnes upon pieces of wood, but because we had but one onely boat, wee would not goe to them, but went to the other side lying in the See: they seeing us flee, prepared two of their boats to follow us, with which came also five more of them that were comming from the Sea side, all which approched neere unto our boate, dancing, and making many signes of joy and mirth, as it were desiring our friendship, saying in their tongue Napeu tondamen assurtah,(2) with many other words that we understood not. But because (as we have said) we had but one boat, wee would not stand to their courtesie, but made signes unto them that they should turne back, which they would not do, but with great furie came toward us: and suddenly with their boates compassed us about: and because they would not away from us by any signes that we could make, we shot off two. pieces among them, which did so terrifie them, that they put themselves to flight toward the sayde point, making a great noise: and having staid a while, they began anew, even as at the first to come to us againe, and being come neere our boat wee strucke at them with two lances, which thing was so great a terrour unto them, that with great haste they beganne to flee, and would no more follow us. How the said wilde men comming to our ships, and our men going toward them, both parties went on
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2011 for the course MATH 201 taught by Professor Doolittle during the Spring '11 term at Hawaii.

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Jacques Cartier First Contact with the Indians (1534) -...

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