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Unformatted text preview: 352 CHAPTER 5 Stresses in Beams Problem 5.114 A box beam of wood is constructed of two 260 mm X 50 mm boards and two 260 mm X 25 mm boards (see figure). The boards are nailed at a longitudinal spacing s = 100 mm. If each nail has an allowable shear force F = 1200 N, what is the maximum allowable shear force V ? max z Solution 5.114 Wood box beam 2F 2(1200 N) All dimensions in millimeters. == = 24kN/m ill a ow S 100 mm b = 260 b = 260  2(50) = 160 l VQ V =falloj h = 310 hi = 260 f=~ ] max Q s = nail spacing = 100 mm F = allowable shear force ] =  I (bh 3  b h 3 ) = 411.125 X 10 6 mm 4 12 1 1 3 for one nail = 1200 N f = shear flow between one flange Q = Qflange = Afd f = (260)(25)(142.5) = 926.25 X 10 3 mm and both webs fallow] (24 kN/m)(411.125 X 10 6 mm 4 ) V =  = ''',,' max Q 926.25 X 10 3 mm 3 = 10.7 kN  Problem 5.115 A box beam constructed of four wood boards of size 6 in. X I in. (actual dimensions) is shown in the figure. The boards are joined by screws for which the allowable load in shear is F = 250 Ib y f!f!t'O 1 in. 1 in. 1 J in. per screw. Calculate the maximum permissible longitudinal spacing smax of the screws if the shear force V is 1200 lb. 6 in. =1 1 in. ~6infl Solution 5.115 Wood box beam VQ 2F 2F] All dimension s in inches. f== ,". Smax = ] s VQ b = 6.0 b l = 6.0  2(1.0) = 4.0 h = 8.0 hi = 6.0 ] = ~ (bh 3  blh~) = 184 in. 4 12 F = allowable shear force for one screw = 250 Ib V = shear force = 1200 Ib Q = Qtlange = Afd f = (6.0)(1.0)(3.5) = 21 in. 3 s = longitudinal spacing of the screws 2F1 2(250 Ib)(l84 in. 4 ) s  f = shear flow between one flange and both webs max  VQ  (1200 Ib )(21 in. 3 ) = 3.65 in.  356 CHAPTER 5 Stresses in Beams Solution 5.1110 Beam with cover plates t = 0.5 ~~$3 ~w 16 x 77 1 d N.A. l~ t=0.5 t I. .j b =10 All dimensions in inches. Wideflange beam (W 16 X 77): d = 16.52 in. I beam = 1110 in. 4 Cover plates: b = 10 in. t = 0.5 in. F = allowable load per bolt = 2.1 k V = shear force = 30 k S = spacing of bolts in the longitudinal direction Find smax MOMENT OF INERTIA ABOlIT THE NElITRAL AXIS 1= I beam + z[ /2 bt3 + (bt)(~ + YJ = 1110 in. 4 + z[ /2 (10)(0.5)3 + (10)(0.5)(8.51)2 ] = 1834 in. 4 FIRST MOMENT OF AREA OF A COVER PLATE d + t) Q = bt ( 2 = (10)(0.5)(8.51) = 42.55 in. 3 MAXIMUM SPACING OF BOLTS VQ 2F 2FI j== s= I S VQ 2(2.1 k) (1834 in. 4 ) S = = 6.03 Ill.  max (30 k) (42.55 in. 3 ) Problem 5.1111 Two W 10 X 45 steel wideflange beams are bolted together to form a builtup beam as shown in the figure. What is the maximum permissible bolt spacing s if the shear force W 10 x 45 V = 20 kips and the allowable load in shear on each bolt is F = 3.1 kips?...
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2011 for the course ECIV 310 taught by Professor Huckelbridge during the Spring '11 term at Case Western.
 Spring '11
 huckelbridge

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