conditional sentences-IMHx - Conditional Sentences Dr Islam Md Hashanat Conditional Sentences Structure A conditional sentence is composed of 2

conditional sentences-IMHx - Conditional Sentences Dr...

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Conditional Sentences Dr. Islam Md. Hashanat
Conditional Sentences Structure : A conditional sentence is composed of 2 parts : If-clause + Main Clause Example : If it rains tomorrow, we will not come. If-clause Main Clause
Conditional Sentences Types : There are 4 types of conditional sentences. They are classified according to the degree of probability that they express. Each type of conditional sentences uses different tenses to show the difference in the degree of probability. The order of the two clauses is flexible, it’s not important. But if the if-clause comes first, it must be followed by a comma. If it rains, I’ll stay at home
Zero Conditional: If /when + present tense .. / modal Water boils if it reaches 100 º First Conditional: If/unless + present, .. Future If I study, I ll pass Second Conditional: If + past, …… would +inf. If I studied, I would pass Third Conditional: If + past perfect .. would have + pp If I had studied, I would have passed Conditional Sentences
Zero Conditionals Tense : Present tense in both clauses Exampl e : If you heat water to 100°C, it boils . If you pour oil into water, it floats . Present Tense Present Tense
Zero Conditionals Use : Talk about universal truth. If you heat ice, it turns to water To talk about habits If I see a spider, I get very scared!
First Conditionals Tense : If-clause ~ Present Tense Main Clause ~ Future Tense If I feel sick tomorrow, I will not go to school. If it rains , the match will be cancelled . Present Tense Future Tense
First Conditionals Use : To speak about possible or probable future events. If the weather is as sunny tomorrow as it was today, we will go surfing. To make promises or warnings If you forget my birthday, I’ll never speak to you again. To give commands If you are tired, go to bed! In this case the verb in the main clause is an Imperative
Exercise One. First Conditionals 1. If you ___________________ (not come), You ________________ (miss ) the show. do not come will miss 2. John __________________ (buy)a car if he _____________ (get) a job. will buy gets 3. Mary ________________(get) a toothache if she_________________ (eat) too many sweets. will get eats
Second Conditionals Tense : If-clause ~ Past Tense Main Clause ~ would + an infinitive Example : If he were a bird, he would fly across the harbour. If I had $200,000 now, I would buy a car. Past Tense Would + infinitive
Second Conditionals Use : To speak about present and future situations which are unlikely to happen. If I had any money I would lend it to you. If I were you I wouldn't do this. MIND Were is often used instead of was in the 1st and 3rd person singular
Third Conditionals Tense : If-clause ~ Past Perfect Tense Main Clause ~ Would Have + Past Participle If I had had enough money, I would have bought the camera yesterday. If I had come home earlier, I would not have missed the programme. Past Perfect Tense Would have+ Past Participle
Third Conditionals Use : To speak about impossible past events If they d gone by bus, they would have arrived much later.

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