2278118346041 - Paul Essery Minta Elsman Disc 1 15072 March...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Paul Essery Minta Elsman Disc 1 15072 March 2, 2011 Second Essay - Outline Introduction Many people assume dogs can’t learn languages o Recent studies show that this may not be entirely true Body Paragraphs o Study on Rico o Study on Chaser o Comparison of these dogs with human children The data presented in these two experiments clearly state that with the right training a dog can learn and understand the basic components of a language. Body Paragraph 1 (Rico) He was born in December of 2004, and began training ten months later Owners used a fetching technique to teach Rico o They placed “different items in different locations around the flat and asked the dog for one of these items. Rico was rewarded with food or play if he fetched the correct object. He was gradually familiarized with an increasing number of items. Typically, the owners introduced new items by presenting them and saying their name two or three times. Rico then got the chance to play with the new item, and it was subsequently integrated into the collection of other items.” Explanation of how owners disproved clever hans effect Body Paragraph 2 (Chaser) Chaser went through more rigorous tests than Rico Four specific experiments were used to train Chaser 1. Test to see if Chaser could can learn proper nouns Over the course of three years Chaser proved that he could not only learn proper nouns, but also retain them. He managed to learn 1022 proper nouns over this period. 2. Test to see if Chaser could distinguish between commands and proper nouns Results showed that he “understood that names refer to objects, independent of the behavior directed toward those objects.”
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
3. This test proved that Chaser could learn common nouns used for categorizing groups of items. 4. This test proved that chaser could learn through exclusion techniques He was able to infer “the name of an object based on its novelty among familiar objects that already had names.” Body Paragraph 3 (Dogs vs. Humans) It is clearly impossible for dogs to be as linguistically developed as humans Children learn words at astonish rates o On average an English speaking child will learn ten words per day, and by the time he or she graduates from high school their total vocabulary will consist of about sixty thousand words. Dogs on the other hand can learn basic components of a language usually attributed to
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 6

2278118346041 - Paul Essery Minta Elsman Disc 1 15072 March...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online