Test 2 - 1) Speech: 6-12mo. a) b) 2) Perception: any...

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1) Speech: 6-12mo. a) Perception: any language’s sounds (universal) to ambient language’s sounds b) Production: babble gradually shifts to ambient language’s sounds 2) Order of Acquisition a) Nouns Verbs Adjectives Prepositions b) Content words (nouns, verbs, adjectives, etc.) Function words (prepositions, articles, etc.) b.i) Why? (b.i.1) More complex linguistic abilities depend on: (b.i.1.a) Developmental: maturing cognitively (b.i.1.b) Linguistic: acquiring simpler ones first b.ii) Why Order? (b.ii.1) Nouns Verbs Adjectives Prepositions (b.ii.1.a) Cognitive: objects actions states relations (b.ii.1.b) Linguistic: linguistic contexts, i.e. sentences understanding meanings of words rather than nouns (b.ii.2) Content Function words (b.ii.2.a) Cognitive: memory (b.ii.2.b) Linguistic: grammar < lexicon (b.ii.2.b.i) 12-18mo: 1 word Sentences, few words (b.ii.2.b.ii) 17-22mo: 2 word sentences, many words (nouns) (b.ii.2.b.iii) 24-30mo: >>2 word sentences, function words c) Why are Alternatives Hard to Distinguish? c.i) c.ii) However, International adoptees learning language 2:
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2011 for the course LINGUIST 101 taught by Professor Mccarthy during the Spring '08 term at UMass (Amherst).

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Test 2 - 1) Speech: 6-12mo. a) b) 2) Perception: any...

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