Anti-Romantics - TheAntiRomantics: Naturalism&Realism...

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(Anti-what?) The Anti-Romantics: Naturalism & Realism
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What came before Naturalism and Realism? Romantic Drama:   Sturm und Drang The Well-Made Play Melodrama
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Sturm und Drang (Storm and Stress) Against Enlightenment rationalism, against  neoclassicism, anti-elite Instead,  Sturm und Drang  calls for a return to  “nature,” a religious read/interpretation of nature Elevates all things humble, natural, “intensely real”  Need to project personal emotional extremes Passionate nationalism, need for epic heroes Haydn, “Farewell” Symphony No. 45 in F Sharp Minor part 4 – Presto, Adagio
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Sturm und Drang (Storm and Stress) Goethe’s  Sorrows of Young Werther A novel comprised of a series of letters. Werther completes his schooling and falls in love with a  young woman named Lotte, even though she is engaged to be  married to Albert, a man 11 year her senior. Werther cannot take  the pain of seeing Lotte and not being able to marry her. At first,  he becomes friends with both Lotte and Albert, but eventually he  leaves and goes to Weimar. While there, he accidentally calls on  a friend one day while aristocratic society is visiting. Werther is  so pained and embarrassed at his mistake that he leaves Weimar  and returns home. But at home, he cannot bear the pain of  seeing Lotte, now married, and spending time with her and  Albert. So he and Lotte part (tearfully, after Werther recites part  of  Ossian  for her). Alone again, Werther decides to commit 
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Songs of Selma from  Ossian Often had they seen the grave of Salgar, the  dark dwelling of white-bosomed Colma. Colma  left alone on the hill, with all her voice of song!  Salgar promised to come: but the night  descended around. Hear the voice of Colma,  when she sat alone on the hill. Colma. It is night, I am alone, forlorn on the hill  of storms. The wind is heard on the mountain.  The torrent pours down the rock. No hut  receives me from the rain; forlorn on the hill of 
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Images of  Sturm und Drang : Henry Fuseli Henry Fuseli,  Horseman attacked by a giant snake , c. 1800
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The Well-Made Play The play follows a strict logic of cause and effect. The plot is based on a secret known to the audience and withheld from the major 
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Anti-Romantics - TheAntiRomantics: Naturalism&Realism...

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