BWS 151 Final Study Guide 2011

BWS 151 Final Study Guide 2011 - Page |1 BWS 151 B&C Study...

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P a g e | 1 Study Guide April/May 2011 Prof. Adrian Gaskins Abolitionist Movement - 1830s - 1865 - Movement of both whites and blacks to end slavery and emancipation. Many of the white people were doing this for the sake of protecting and saving their own souls, but blacks needed all of the support and help they could get - Did not catch steam until the 1830s because of… o Social disruption through growth of manufacturing and commerce o Rise of the Evangelical Movement (telling of evils of slavery) Had nothing to do with black people; whites afraid of moral stain and being sent to hell o Growth of literacy and oratory (church + school = center) in the form of slave narratives and speakers Black Freedom Movement The centuries-long struggle of blacks for freedom from oppression since the days of the Atlantic Slave Trade; still ongoing. Charismatic Movement: Social movement whose success and failure largely depends one dynamic leader or small group of leaders. Is not sustainable over the long haul. Civil Rights Movement - Movement to end segregation and gain rights and freedoms for blacks that white people had. - Emerges primarily in the South [where roughly 93% of blacks lived]. - Began as labor needs shifted and white northern corporations came to recruit blacks from the South (because many/most whites were fighting in WWII) o Used as strikebreakers, which caused tension - Baton Rouge bus boycott non-violent o Receive 2/3 revenue from blacks that ride the busses, yet they have to give up seats. No blacks rode the bus slight victory! - Most commonly believed to begin with the Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1955 - Most significant southern social movement of the 20 th century
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P a g e | 2 - Led to the stance against racism and segregation throughout the south and towards fighting for equality Counter-movement - An oppositional movement launched to counter a social movement - Ex: KKK organized to keep the (white supremacist) “social order” after slavery ended Black Power Movement - Grew out of the Civil Rights Movement - Not actually a formal movement, but the Black Power Movement marked a turning point in black/white relations in the United States, as well as how blacks saw themselves - It was hailed by some as a positive and proactive force that aimed to help blacks achieve full equality with whites, but was detested by others as a militant, sometimes violent force whose main goal was to drive a wedge between blacks and whites New Negro Movement - Political/Intellectual context for the Harlem Renaissance - The literary and intellectual flowering that fostered a new black cultural identity in the 1920s and 30s - Has been called the “spiritual coming of age” in which the black community was able to seize upon its “first chances for group expression and self determination” Pan-Africanism - Grew out of 19th century efforts to end slavery and the slave trade. At this time blacks worldwide were being oppressed, as slavery existed in America, South America, and the Caribbean. Also, the colonization of
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2011 for the course BWS 151 taught by Professor Hunt during the Spring '08 term at Miami University.

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BWS 151 Final Study Guide 2011 - Page |1 BWS 151 B&C Study...

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