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Unformatted text preview: P a g e | 1 BWS 151 A&B Study Guide December 2009 Prof. Adrian Gaskins Abolitionist Movement- 1830s - 1865- Movement of both whites and blacks to end slavery and emancipation. Many of the white people were doing this for the sake of protecting and saving their souls, but blacks needed all of the support and help they could get.- Didn’t catch steam until the 1830s because of… o Social disruption through growth of manufacturing and commerce o Rise of the Evangelical Movement (telling of evils of slavery) Had nothing to do with black people; whites afraid of moral stain and being sent to hell o Growth of literacy and oratory (church + school = center) in the form of slave narratives and speakers Black Freedom Movement The centuries-long struggle of blacks for freedom from oppression since the days of the Atlantic Slave Trade; still ongoing. Charismatic Movement: Social movement whose success and failure largely depends one dynamic leader or small group of leaders. Is not sustainable over the long haul. Civil Rights Movement- Movement to end segregation and gain rights and freedoms for blacks that white people had.- Emerges primarily in the South [where roughly 93% of blacks lived].- Began as labor needs shifted and white northern corporations came to recruit blacks from the South (because many/most whites were fighting in WWII) o Used as strikebreakers, which caused tension - Baton Rouge bus boycott non-violent o Receive 2/3 revenue from blacks that ride the busses, yet they have to give up seats. No blacks rode the bus slight victory!- Most commonly believed to begin with the Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1955- Most significant southern social movement of the 20 th century - Led to the stance against racism and segregation throughout the south and towards fighting for equality Counter-movement- An oppositional movement launched to counter a social movement - Ex: KKK organized to keep the (white supremacist) “social order” after slavery ended P a g e | 2 Black Power Movement- Grew out of the Civil Rights Movement- Not actually a formal movement, but the Black Power Movement marked a turning point in black/white relations in the United States, as well as how blacks saw themselves- It was hailed by some as a positive and proactive force that aimed to help blacks achieve full equality with whites, but was detested by others as a militant, sometimes violent force whose main goal was to drive a wedge between blacks and whites New Negro Movement...
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- Spring '08