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edt246review - Edt 246 review Importance of belief systems...

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Edt 246 review Importance of belief systems: A belief system represents a teachers informed philosophy of reading and learning to read. What teachers believe about reading and learning to read is closely related to what they know about literacy learning and the teaching of literacy. -- different beliefs, teachers knowledge and beliefs about the nature and pur-poses of reading and the ways in which it should be taught contribute significantly to whatever decisions a teacher makes in a given situation. -- different instructional decisions, Just about every teacher weve ever talked to agrees on the main goal of reading instruc-tion: to teach children to become independent readers and learners. Differences among teachers, however, often reflect varying beliefs and instructional perspectives on how to help children achieve independence. -- reading instruction and teachers’ belief systems no 2 teachers teach reading the same way. -- A systematic instructional approach includes direct teaching and a logical instructional sequence. This structure includes ample opportunities to practice specific skills and move along a defined trajectory related to the sequencing of skills. A broader constructivist view model is focused on the needs of the individual child. In this perspective, the role of the teacher is a facilitator who helps the child negotiate text by addressing the most immedi-ate instructional needs. Teachers come to know about literacy learning (teachers knowledge about reading and learning to read) 1—personal experiences –past and present as readers and writers 2—practical experiences and knowledge of their craft as they work with and learn from children 3—professional study that allows them to develop and extend their knowledge base about teaching and learning literacy Reading from a language perspective : According to both Piaget and Vygotsky, children must be actively involved in order to grow and learn. Merely reacting to the environment isnt enough. An important mile-stone in a childs development, for example, is the ability to analyze means ends relation-ships. When this occurs, children begin to acquire the ability to use language to achieve goals. -- When teachers embrace reading as a language process, they understand the impor-tance of learning oral language but are also acutely aware that written language develops in humans along parallel lines. Psycholinguistics and reading A psycholinguistic view of reading combines a psychological understanding of the reading process with an understanding of how language works. Psycholinguistic inquiries into the reading process suggest that readers act on and interact with written language in an effort to make sense of a text. Reading is not a passive activity; it is an active thinking process that takes place behind the eyes.
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