Ancient Near East Art (Part 2)

Ancient Near East Art (Part 2) - Xerxes Stairway to terrace...

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Ancient Near Eastern Art Achaemenid Persians
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The Achaemenid (Persian) Empire begins with Cyrus the Great, 559 BCE and continues until conquered by Alexander the Great in 331 BCE
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Yellow areas are the Persian Empire under Darius I
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Darius I founds the city of Persepolis (Parsa) in 518 BCE
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Persepolis is mostly a ceremonial center rather than a capital city. There is no space for a city around the palace complex. It was probably used in new Year celebrations, and may have been the king’s main treasury, which he may have wanted to keep isolated.
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-Palace complex was set on a raised platform 40 feet high. -Platform was 1500 x 900 feet -Apadana (Audience Hall) on a second raised platform above the first, built by Darius -Xerxes builds another audience hall, enlarges treasury, and builds himself a more impressive palace
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Reconstruction of the complex
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Achaemeni d Palace at Persepolis Highlighted area is the Gatehouse of All Nations, aka Tripylon Gate or Gate of Xerxes
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The Gatehouse of All Nations, also called the Tripylon Gate or the Gatehouse of Xerxes
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Gate of Xerxes with person for scale
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Reconstruction of platform stairs and Gate of
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Unformatted text preview: Xerxes Stairway to terrace The Apadana, or audience hall Approach to Apadana Stairs to the Apadana Frieze on the stairs of the Apadana Frieze with lion and bull on the Apadana stairs Apadana reliefs, limestone, 5th cent. BCE, Achaemenid, Persepolis, Iran. Crenellations on the stairs of the Apadana Frieze showing tributaries Lydian Tributaries Frieze of Tributaries Darius and Xerxes Receiving Tribute, detail of a relief from the Apadana stairs, Persepolis, Iran, 491-486 BCE Column base in the Apadana Types of Persian Columns Capital from Persepolis, limestone, 5th cent. BCE, Achaemenid, Persepolis, Iran. Reconstructions of what the Apadana may have looked like Reconstruction of Apadana Palace of Darius Palace of Darius and Reconstruction Plan of Xerxes’ Throne Hall, aka Hall of 100 Columns Entrance to Throne Hall Reconstruction of Throne Hall Rock cut tomb of Xerxes at Naqsh-I Rostam Roman mosaic at Pompeii based on a lost Greek painting showing the defeat of Darius II by Alexander the Great at the Battle of Issus, 333 BCE...
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2011 for the course AHS 195 taught by Professor K.koblik during the Fall '10 term at Diablo Valley College.

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Ancient Near East Art (Part 2) - Xerxes Stairway to terrace...

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