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First Take Home Exam

First Take Home Exam - Courtney Boyd STS 301 001 Dr Daniel...

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Courtney Boyd STS 301- 001 Dr. Daniel Graham Due Monday, July 18, 2011 First Take Home Exam I. Sources of Human Knowledge a. Greeks mainly taught practical skills and that men were the measure of all things. However, will these practical skills help or hurt society or are there other skills that should be taught that could actually help the society of Athens? Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle had both similar and different views regarding the sources of human knowledge. a.i. Socrates had a passion for truth and statements about facts. He thought highly of human knowledge and tried to educate the youth of Athens. He believed that human knowledge could be achieved through public education. He felt that with public education, the people would be able to help society and overcome ignorance. It would also help the society make better choices regarding how they would progress in life as a society and as individuals, how they can compromise with other cities without having wars, etc. a.ii. Plato, who was a student of Socrates, also believed in achieving human knowledge through public education and mainly through math. Math was seen as a language of knowledge could be enhanced and overrule ignorance. However, he searched for objective knowledge and general knowledge. Plato developed forms called Platonic forms. These forms are defined as possessing a quality of being, a degree of reality, that is superior to the concrete world. He developed the ultimate foundation for knowledge and moral standards for the Platonic Hero. It states that “when
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Courtney Boyd STS 301- 001 Dr. Daniel Graham Due Monday, July 18, 2011 something is good or beautiful, it is so because that thing partakes of an archetypal essence of goodness or beauty that is absolute and perfect. . .” This meaning that an object can only be good or beautiful because it appears that way however it is not always that way. It will always be an object that is better than the original one. The Platonic Hero believed in Eternal ideas such as the absolute good, truth, beauty, and the rest. He believed the main sources of knowledge are reason, logic, and mathematics. Reason because people would be able to understand the world and situations within the world a little better. With logic people would be able to plan and develop strategies. As stated before, mathematics is the language of human knowledge and with this people are able to communicate. a.iii. Aristotle believed that the source of knowledge was math and he focused mainly on the conceptual world. During this time, astronomy and astrology were studied and mathematics was known as the language that propelled both astrology and astronomy. Ptonomy, who was an astronomer, believed that the universe was Earth centered and that is moved in perfect circular motions. By Earth centered, he thought that all
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First Take Home Exam - Courtney Boyd STS 301 001 Dr Daniel...

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