Chapter_2_Translation (1)

Chapter_2_Translation (1) - Monday October 3 Text pg...

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Monday, October 3 Text pg 61—Geograpy To think about Ecuador or Peru is to think about beautiful Andean countries. But the truth is that Ecuador and Peru are divided into three very different geographic zones: in the west the coast, called el litoral in Peru; in the center the mountain range; and in the east the Amazon zone, called El Oriente (the east) in Ecuador and la selva (the jungle) in Peru. These immense tropical jungles of the Amazon Basin cover the majority of the terrain in both countries but due to the heat, the dense vegetation and the inaccessibility it’s here that the fewest number of inhabitants live. More than 50% of the population of each country lives in the mountain range. Despite the proximity of the Equator, the climate of the coast of Peru and Ecuador is neither very hot nor very rainy. Why? Well a cold current called the Pacific Current or the Humboldt Current bathes the coast and drops the temperature and the precipitation. Many parts of the Peruvian coast are so dry that they are desert zones. Bolivia doesn’t have a coast. It lost its access to the sea in the war with Chile called also the War of the Pacific (1878-1884). In Bolivia the Andes are divided into 2 ranges—the oriental (eastern) and the occidental (western)—separated by a plateau with strong winds and very scarce vegetation. In the east, Bolivia, like its neighbors has an immense area of tropical jungle. (The War of the Pacific , occurring from 1879-1883, is sometimes referred to as the Saltpeter War in reference to its original cause, a conflict that involved Chile and the joint forces of Bolivia and Peru . The conflict stemmed from the control of territory that contained substantial mineral-rich deposits. It led to the Chilean annexation of the Peruvian provinces of Tarapacá and Arica and the Bolivian province of Litoral , leaving Bolivia as a landlocked country.) Assignment: Text Pg 61 A Tuesday, October 4 Text pg 62-63--The Pre-Colombian Era From the most remote times many indigenous groups have populated these Andean regions. Over the centuries the Incas were subjugating them, forming in the 15 th century and empire that went from the south of Colombia until the north of Chile and from the snowy Andean peaks until the shore of the Pacific. The Empire covered and area of 900,000 square kilometers. The supreme leader of the Inca was the Inca, a god-man that carried the title “Son of the Sun”. The family constituted the basis of the society, or el ayllú , a community formed by a set if families. The Inca believed in a God creator, Viracocha. Viracocha created the world and the beings that inhabited it. Then disappeared into the sea. Other gods had more importance than Viracocha in the rituals and in the daily life. Among the most important were Inti, the sun, and Pachamama, the earth. The Inca believed in Heaven and Hell, a place associated with cold and hunger. The destination that awaited the dead depended on
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2011 for the course SPAN 101 taught by Professor Jordan during the Fall '09 term at BYU.

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Chapter_2_Translation (1) - Monday October 3 Text pg...

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