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41 - Demonstrative Demonstrative Adjectives and Pronouns...

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Unformatted text preview: Demonstrative Demonstrative Adjectives and Pronouns Grammar Essential #41 Demonstrative Adjectives Demonstrative Adjectives Demonstrative Adjectives draw attention to where someone or something is located in relation to yourself. They must agree in number and gender with the noun they modify. In English, the demonstrative adjectives are this, that, these, and those. Demonstrative Adjectives Demonstrative Adjectives When objects are nearby use Esta (fs) – This­ Este (ms) Estos (mp) Estas (fp) – These­ When objects are farther away use Esa (fs) – That­ Ese (ms) Esos (mp) Esas (fp) – Those­ When objects are farthest away use – That (over there) aquel (ms) aquella (fs) – Those (over there) aquellos (mp) aquellas (fp) Demonstrative Adjectives Demonstrative Adjectives Examples: – Este carro es azul.­This car is blue. – Esa tarea es fácil.­That homework is easy. – Aquellos chicos son altos.­Those boys (over there) are tall. – Estos libros son grandes.­These books are big. Demonstrative Pronouns Demonstrative Pronouns Demonstrative Pronouns are used in place of the noun. They must agree in number and gender with the noun they modify. Demonstrative Pronouns draw attention to where someone or something is located in relation to yourself. Demonstrative Pronouns Demonstrative Pronouns When objects are nearby use Ésta (fs) – This­ Éste (ms) Éstos (mp) Éstas (fp) – These­ When objects are farther away use Ésa (fs) – That­ Ése (ms) Ésos (mp) Ésas (fp) – Those­ When objects are farthest away use – That (over there) aquél (ms) aquélla (fs) – Those (over there) aquéllos (mp) aquéllas (fp) Demonstrative Pronouns Demonstrative Pronouns Examples: – This car is new. This is new.­Éste es nuevo. – These shoes are old. These are old.­Éstos son viejos. – Those classes are fun. Those are fun.­Ésas son divertidas. – Those dogs (over there) are handsome. Those are handsome.­ Aquéllos son guapos. ...
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