58 - Reflexive (Present Reflexive tense) tense) Grammar...

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Unformatted text preview: Reflexive (Present Reflexive tense) tense) Grammar Essential #58 Reflexive Verbs/Infinitives Reflexive There are two categories for all infinitives. There are reflexive and non­reflexive. Reflexive verbs have the actor doing action to self. Non­reflexive have the actor doing action to someone/ something else. Reflexives, in their simple form, have “se” in the ending. The are very easy to spot in a list. Reflexive Verbs Reflexive You may have noticed that some of the infinitives have been used before, but now have a “se” attached to them. lavarse = to wash self lavar = to wash (something else) I wash my hair. Actor doing action to self. I wash my clothing. Actor doing action to something else. Reflexive Conjugations Reflexive You are not learning a new conjugation. The verbs are the same conjugation that they always have been. You just need to learn the reflexive pronouns that will come directly in front of the conjugated verb to show on whom the action is reflected. Me = myself Me = myself Te = yourself (s.fam.) Me = myself Te = yourself (s.fam.) Se = himself ; herself; yourself (s.form.) Me = myself Te = yourself (s.fam.) Se = himself ; herself; yourself (s.form.) Nos = ourselves Me = myself Nos = ourselves Te = yourself (s.fam.) Os = yourselves (pl.fam) Se = himself ; herself; yourself (s.form.) Me = myself Nos = ourselves Te = yourself (s.fam.) Os = yourselves (pl.fam) Se = himself ; herself; yourself (s.form.) Se = themselves; yourselves (pl. form) Reflexive Conjugations Reflexive Now put the reflexive pronoun with the verb. For an example, conjugate the verb dormirse. Dormirse = to sleep Me duermo Me duermo Te duermes Me duermo Te duermes Se duerme Me duermo Te duermes Se duerme Nos dormimos Me duermo Nos dormimos Te duermes Os dormís Se duerme Me duermo Nos dormimos Te duermes Os dormís Se duerme Se duermen Me = myself Me = myself Te = yourself (s.fam.) Me = myself Te = yourself (s.fam.) Se = himself ; herself; yourself (s.form.) Me = myself Te = yourself (s.fam.) Se = himself ; herself; yourself (s.form.) Nos = ourselves Me = myself Nos = ourselves Te = yourself (s.fam.) Os = yourselves (pl.fam) Se = himself ; herself; yourself (s.form.) These pronouns never change with reflexives. Me Me Nos Te Os Se Se ...
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