70 - Conjugate stem changers in the preterite tense the...

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Unformatted text preview: Conjugate stem changers in the preterite tense the Essential grammar #70 Stem changing infinitives Stem Stem changing infinitives are named for Stem what they do– change in the stem. what You are going to make some alteration of You the stem before adding the verb endings. the You will use the preterite endings you You already know. already The hardest part of stem changers is The knowing which ones change and which ones don’t. ones Two Rules for identifying Preterite Stem-Changers: Stem-Changers: 1. The infinitive must be a stem-changer in 1. the present tense. the 2. The infinitive must end in –ir. 2. Stem changers Stem There are 2 different ways a stem changing There infinitive can change (2 categories). infinitive -The first is ou. -This includes present tense oue. dormir = to sleep dormir This is a stem changer in the preterite. First separate the stem from the infinitive ending. Dorm- is the stem. Make the stem change ou New stem durmPut into box– Put In the present tense, it looks like a boot. In the preterite tense, it looks like a sandal. In Only the 3rd and 6th box make stem changes. dormir = to sleep dormir dormí dormí dormí dormí dormiste dormiste dormí dormí dormiste dormiste durmió dormí dormí dormiste dormiste durmió dormimos dormí dormí dormiste dormiste durmió dormimos dormisteis dormí dormí dormimos dormiste dormiste dormisteis durmió durmieron Stem changers Stem The second category is ei. (This includes present tense changes eiie e and eii). ). and preferir = to prefer is a stem changer. preferir It is the same steps as dormir. *When there is more than one vowel that *When could possible make the change, choose the vowel closest to the verb ending. the Preferir = to prefer Preferir First separate the stem from the infinitive First ending. ending. prefer- is the stem. Make the stem change ei New stem prefirPut into box– remember it will look like a Put sandal in the preterite. It will only change in the 3rd and 6th boxes. in preferir = to prefer preferir preferí preferí preferí preferí preferiste preferiste preferí preferí preferiste preferiste prefirió pref preferí preferí preferiste preferiste prefirió pref preferimos preferí preferí preferiste preferiste prefirió pref preferimos preferisteis preferí preferí preferimos preferiste preferiste preferisteis prefirió pref prefirieron Stem changers Stem . servir = to serve is a stem changer. It is the same steps as preferir. servir = to serve servir First separate the stem from the infinitive First ending. ending. serv- is the stem. Make the stem change ei New stem sirvPut into box– remember it will look like a Put sandal. In the preterite, only the 3rd and 6th sandal. boxes show change. boxes servir = to serve servir serví serví serví serví serviste serviste serví serví serviste serviste sirvió serví serví serviste serviste sirvió servimos serví serví serviste serviste sirvió servimos servisteis serví serví servimos serviste serviste servisteis sirvió sirvieron Ellos pedir Ellos Ellos pidieron Ella repetir Ella repitió Nosotros sentir Nosotros sentimos Usted entender Usted entendió Tú dormir Tú dormiste Tú ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2011 for the course SPAN 103 taught by Professor Dr.lopez during the Winter '11 term at BYU.

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