84 - Preterite v. Imperfect Preterite v. Imperfect Grammar...

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Unformatted text preview: Preterite v. Imperfect Preterite v. Imperfect Grammar essential #84 Preterite Preterite A verb tense in which actions are done and over – never to be repeated. Once the action is done, it is not to be repeated! Preterite examples Preterite examples Yo estudié por el examen en historia. Nosotros vimos a 311 el año pasado. Ellos dieron las presentaciónes ayer. Tú hablaste con el presidente anteayer. Ella se cepilló el pelo anoche. Imperfect Imperfect A verb tense to describe events which happen in the past that deal with PWATER. Imperfect ­ P Imperfect ­ P P = physical descriptions or attributes Ella era alta y él era bajo. Yo era bonita y joven. Tú eras gordito. Imperfect ­ W Imperfect ­ W W= weather Hacía sol ayer. Llovía mucho en abril. No nevaba en noviembre mucho. Imperfect ­ A Imperfect ­ A A = age (chronological) Ellos tenían siete años el año pasado. Yo tenía diez años cuando yo compré mi propia bicicleta. Nosotros teníamos un año cuando Nosotros tomamos lecciónes de natación. Imperfect ­ T Imperfect ­ T T = time (numbers) Era a la una anoche. Eran las siete de la mañana. Eran las dos menos tres de la tarde. Imperfect ­ E Imperfect ­ E E = emotions Yo estaba contento. Ellos estaban enojados. Tú estabas preocupado anoche. Imperfect ­ R Imperfect ­ R R= reoccurring actions / repeating actions/ actions interrupted Él asistía a la escuela todos los días. Yo comía al mediodía cada almuerzo. Yo lavaba los platos cuando tú me llamaste por teléfono. Imperfect Imperfect There are words usually associated with the imperfect. todos los días todas las noches todos los meses.. años siempre generalmente nunca de vez en cuando mientras de niño(a) de joven Preterite Preterite There are words usually associated with the preterite. However, make sure PWATER is not “in play.” ayer anteayer el mes pasado el día pasado una vez de repente anoche Preterite or imperfect? Preterite or imperfect? Used to describe people? To tell time? Incomplete or interrupted action? Completed action? Repeated or habitual acts? Was –ing action? Describing an emotion? Infinitives that change meanings Infinitives that change meanings Saber present – Yo sé. I know (the fact). preterite – Yo supe. I found out (the fact). imperfect – Yo sabía. I knew (the fact). Infinitives that change meanings Infinitives that change meanings Querer present – Yo quiero. I want... preterite – Yo quise. I tried… imperfect – Yo quería. I wanted… Infinitives that change meanings Infinitives that change meanings conocer present – Yo conozco. I know (the person). preterite – Yo conocí. I met (the person). imperfect – Yo conocía. I knew (the person). Infinitives that change meanings Infinitives that change meanings poder present – Yo puedo. I can... preterite – Yo pude. I managed… imperfect – Yo podía. I had the ability to… Infinitives that change meanings Infinitives that change meanings Tener Present­ Yo tengo. I have… Preterite­Yo tuve. I have planned/gave/had Imperfect­Yo tenía. I had (on going; no beginning or end)… Infinitives that change meanings Infinitives that change meanings Tener que Present­Yo tengo que… I have to … Preterite­Yo tuve que… I have had to … Imperfect­Yo tenía que… I was suppose to… (no end result implied, maybe did or didn’t) Infinitives that change meanings Infinitives that change meanings Deber Present­Yo debo. I ought to/should… Preterite­Yo debí. I have had to… Imperfect­Yo debía. I was suppose to… (no end result implied, maybe did or didn’t) Infinitives that change meanings Infinitives that change meanings Pensar Present­Yo pienso. I think/plan Preterite­Yo pensé. I thought (idea bubble) Imperfect­Yo pensaba. I have thought (ongoing opinion, no beginning or end implied) ...
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