106 - Past Participles Regular Past Essential Grammar #106...

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Unformatted text preview: Past Participles Regular Past Essential Grammar #106 Definition Definition In both Spanish and English, past participles In can come in quite handy. Not only can they be used as parts of verbs (and not just for speaking about the past), they can also be used to create adjectives. Definition Definition The past participles in the two languages The have similar origins, so they are not only similar in function, but also vaguely similar in the way they are formed. In English, the past participle for regular In verbs is formed by adding "-ed" to the end. Past Participles Past They have different uses: 1. When used with haber, past 1. participles do not show agreement! (Perfect tense) agreement! Past Participles Past 2. When used with passive 2. voice, past participles how voice past agreement with subject. agreement Past Participles Past 3. When past participles are used 3. as adjectives, they agree in number and gender with the noun they modify. noun How to make the past participle How In Spanish, the past participle for regular In verbs is formed by… verbs adding -ado to the stem of -ar verbs; -ado -ar adding -ido to the stem of –er / -ir verbs. -ido * When –ido, is preceded by a vowel other than u, add an accent to –ído. Practice Practice Make the following infinitives into past participles. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. fumar salir ganar comer vivir venir ser 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. aprender probar leer oír mirar acostar crecer Practice Practice Make the following infinitives into past participles. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. fumado salido ganado comido vivido venido sido 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. aprendido probado leído * oído * mirado acostado crecido ...
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