141 - Si clauses second and third conditionals third...

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Unformatted text preview: Si clauses- second and third conditionals third Grammar essentials #141 There are 3 different kinds of si clauses: 1. First conditional – likely situations – present + present, future, and commands (grammar essential # 140) 2. Second conditional – unlikely situations– currently contrary – imperfect (past) subjunctive + conditional 3. Third conditional – impossible situations – pluperfect subjunctive + pluperfect subjunctive or conditional Si clause type 2 Si Unlikely or currently contrary situations The situation described is not currently The true, but the if the situation changes, the result clause would be able to occur. result Si clause type 2 Si The si clause requires past subjunctive The (sometimes called imperfect subjunctive) and the independent clause is in the conditional tense. conditional Order of the dependent and independent Order clause is unimportant. clause Si clauses type 2 Si Examples If you went with us, we would eat there. Si fueras con nosotros, comeríamos allí. He would read the book, if he bought it. Ếl leería el libro si él lo comprara. Si clause – type 3 Si The impossible si clause The condition clause (which starts with The si) requires the pluperfect subjunctive while the result clause takes the conditional perfect. Si clause – type 3 Si Before learning the pluperfect Before subjunctive, here is what it is going to look like. look Examples in English. If I had known, I would have gone with If you. you. If you had told me, I would have bought the If book. book. Si clause – type 3 Si Pluperfect subjunctive (notice the word (notice “perfect” meaning it will have haber conjugated with a past participle) past hubiera hubiéramos hubieras hubierais hubiera hubieran Si clause – type 3 Si Examples in English. If I had known, I would have gone with you. Si hubiera sabido, habría ido contigo. If you had told me, I would have bought the book. Si hubieras dicho a mí, yo habría Si comprado el libro. comprado Practice Practice 1. If you had called me, I would have If answered the phone. answered 2. If the game is here, I will go with you. 3. They would play the game, if you had it. 4. She would have opened the door, if you She had yelled. 5. We would drive the car, if my parents 5. We bought it. bought Answers Answers 1. If you had called me, I would have If answered the phone. answered Si tú hubieras llamado a mí, yo habría Si contestado el teléfono. contestado 2. If the game is here, I will go with you. Si el juego está aquí, yo iré contigo. More answers…. More 3. They would play the game, if you had it. Ellos jugarían el juego, si tú lo tuvieras. 4. She would have opened the door, if you She had yelled. Ella habría abierto la puerta, si tú hubieras gritado. gritado. More answers… More 5. We would drive the car, if my parents We bought it. bought Nosotros manejaríamos el carro, si mis Nosotros padres lo compraran. padres Con tú = contigo Con mí = conmigo ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2011 for the course SPAN 103 taught by Professor Dr.lopez during the Winter '11 term at BYU.

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