Source - Source: Ross Definition: Most countries that have...

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Source: Ross Definition: Most countries that have been torn by civil war are oil producing states. Recently, non oil producing world is becoming more peaceful. Not all oil producing countries are prone to conflict, but only the middle or low income countries. Therefore countries that are significantly poor and have oil are more likely to be engaged in war. Why is this the case? This is because oil weakens the state. It creates a national honeypot. All oil revenues make holding high office extremely valuable. Because controlling the government is more enticing, you are more likely to have groups who are taking up arms to achieve that. Furthermore, oil has an impact on rebel organizations, as there is a support for secessionism. For example, if oil is found in a certain part of the country, people in that region may be more inclined to demand autonomy. Another reason is that oil is a target for rebel extortion. This means that it offers rebel groups an easy opportunity to raise money and finance operations. For example, selling oil on
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2011 for the course IDS 100B taught by Professor Ross during the Spring '11 term at UCLA.

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Source - Source: Ross Definition: Most countries that have...

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