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Unformatted text preview: Parent-Child Relations Notes CHAPTER 1: Ecology of Parent-Child Relations Ecology : is an interdisciplinary branch of biology that examines the interrelationship between organisms and their environment. o Behavioral scientists have adopted this view in developmental changes in individuals/families which take place in the context of changing environmental systems Important for parents to learn how to raise kids, understand their developmental needs, and to become more effective in their role o Debates over what exactly to teach, but improving with more studies Parenthood: a developmental role that changes over time usually in response to changing developmental needs of the children Concepts of Parenthood o Originally referred to the reproduction aspect; way to sustain population o Notion that parents are responsible for nurturing, teaching, and acting as guardians for kids until the age of legal maturity Unique to our species, partly because our brains arent developed at birth and it takes a long time o Parents act as teachers Socialization- learning how to conform to the conventional ways of behavior in society Unidirectional model of socialization- role of the adult as a teacher responsible for inculcating appropriate behavior patterns, values, and attitudes that prepare kids for effective participation in society upon reaching maturity; childs role is being an active learner o Flow of information solely from parent to child o This was the theory in the past Bidirectional : adults and children influence each other as their relationship experiences developmental changes (theory TODAY) o The relationship between parents and kids is a subsystem of the larger social system we call a family (italics= 3 basis traits of parenthood in contemporary society) Family systems theory: describes how a family functions in ways that resemble other systems found in nature; Subsystem- microcosm of the larger family system that mirrors the functioning of this group. The same principles and concepts that explain the functioning of the larger family system relate to how subsystems function...
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- Spring '08