Levels of Analysis part III

Levels of Analysis part III - Realism Concerned primarily...

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Realism: Concerned primarily with the role that state power plays in international relations. The Prisoner’s Dilemma: A model from game theory that boils down some of the fundamental assumptions of each of the perspectives to a simple game: 1. The Classical version: this is a single iteration – it happens once – the prisoners, who are rational actors, will always defect, leading to the third best outcome. For the realists, this illustrates the difficulty of cooperation in the international system. Realism’s philosophical roots lie in the work of Thomas Hobbes and Thucydides, among others. Thucydides: the Melian Dialogue during the Peloponessian War – Athens vs Sparta Hobbes: the state of nature – life of man is solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short. Classical realism: The earliest form of realism – Morgenthau – makes a statement about human nature itself, derived from Hobbes. Human beings are naturally selfish and power-seeking – this will affect the way they behave.
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2011 for the course POLISCI 1003 taught by Professor Olson during the Fall '11 term at GWU.

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Levels of Analysis part III - Realism Concerned primarily...

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