II. Collective security An institutional mechanism that deals directly with preventing conflict. Rather than allowing the decentralization of power (which realists are in favor of, so long as it is balanced), liberals argue that centralization of power in a security organization is the best method for preventing conflict. The League of Nations became the first collective security organization. The idea behind a collective security organization is to protect international peace by banding together, an “all for one and one for all” approach – such an organization responds to threats to international peace – not about balancing power – and confronts such threats with the preponderant power of the entire organization. This represents a centralization of power into an international institution, responding to the decentralization of power represented by the balance of power system – not about maintaining an equilibrium of power capability, but by opposing any threat with a preponderance of power. In essence, the
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2011 for the course POLISCI 1003 taught by Professor Olson during the Fall '11 term at GWU.