Nationalism: development of the nation-state. Could appeal to the population’s sense of belonging and duty to the state to mobilize it, both for internal development and against external enemies. For autocratic monarchs in Europe, the examples of the American and French revolution represented a grave threat to the existing order. Internal politics, and also much of international relations, would be about suppressing national and democratic movements. Autocratic states would ally to suppress the emergence of such movements. Acc to Finnemore, it was in the 19 th century that states cared about the internal politics of other states. Rising democratic states represented a significant threat to the autocratic states. France during the revolution and especially during the Napoleanic Wars represents the consolidation of the nation-state. A state that rules over a nation, where the nation grants legitimacy to the state as a nation. During the Napoleanic Wars, French soldiers fought for France and for the revolution: state able to mobilize the people by appealing to their
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