Multipolarity 1

Multipolarity 1 - 5 Most importantly established the...

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The Balance of Power system 1648: Treaty of Westphalia. Critical date in European history and for the history of international relations. 1. ended the 30 years war 2. allowed each secular leader to determine the religion of his territory, not the church. Established secular rule. Before this point, a system of overlapping authority existed in Europe – the Church was a significant political power, able to appoint clergy, who were often powerful leaders at the national level, and able to exert authority over rulers – this was first challenged with the Protestant Reformation. 3. Leaders turned away from the use of mercenaries and sought to establish national military forces 4. Established a core group of states that would dominate Europe: the Great Powers
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Unformatted text preview: 5. Most importantly, established the principle of sovereignty. Sovereignty and the sovereign state: 1. The state has a bounded territory with a stable population 2. Government has control over that territory. Sole legitimate use of violence (executive power), able to collect taxes from the population, and raise an army from the population 3. A government exists to which the population owes allegiance. (Domestic sovereignty) 4. Recognition: the state is recognized as a sovereign state by the other states in the system (international legal sovereignty) 5. Non-interference: no state can interfere in the internal affairs of another (Westphalian sovereignty)...
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