notes2dev - 15:56 Chapter8.Intelligence Solveproblems Adapt...

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15:56 Chapter 8.  Intelligence Solve problems Adapt Learn Creativity Interpersonal skills Theories of multiple intelligences * Sternberg’s Triarchic  Theory of multiple intelligence Analytical Abstract reasoning Creative Practical Social skills and common sense * Howard Gardners Eight frames of mind: verbal skills mathematical skills spatial skills bodily-kinesthetic skills musical skills
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intrapersonal skills interpersonal skills naturalistic skills Application: “Rounded” education Salovey- Emotional Intelligence Perceive, express, use, manage emotions in self and others Theories Single Intelligences Inter-correlations across different abilities can be high  (we have to admit, out there,  there are really perfect people that are good at everything) Suggesting that a general “g” form of intelligence underlies all the different types Nature vs Nurture? Identical twins and fraternal twins,  identical are more similar than fraternal- shows that  nature has more Correlation between intelligence test scores and twin status Identical twins had higher scores for similar intelligence “twin raised apart” add weight to roles of genetics BUT are usually done in environments that are similar, suggesting role of environment  has not yet been identified
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Environmental influences: Schooling and test taking experience HIGH QUALITY early intervention E.g. Head start - higher IQ only moderately long-lasting Measuring Intelligence The Binet tests 1904- Binet and Simon MA= Mentage age of children 1912- William Stern IQ= MA/CA X100 MA (mental age) CA (chronological age) The Wechsler Scale WPPSA-III Wechsler preschool and primary scale of intelligence – 3 rd  Ed 2.5 to 7 years WISC-IV Wechsler intelligence scale for children- 4 th  Ed 6-16 years
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WAIS-III  Wechsler adult intelligence scale- 3 rd  Ed All three versions generate Verbal sub tests Performance sub tests Full IQ score The Bayley scales of infant development Diagnose developmental delays 1-42 months of age scores do not correlate highly with later IQ scores Fagan test of infant intelligence Habituation and dishabituation predict later intelligence The use and misuse of intelligence tests Among psychology’s most widely used tools School placement Legal implications e.g. death penalty
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Moderately correlated with work performance but correlations decrease the longer  people work at a job, ignore motivation, physical and mental health, and social skills Mental Retardation IQ usually below 70 Most schools use IQ-based classifications: Mild   55-70      89% Moderate   40-54     6% Severe    25-39     4% Profound   below 25    1% Classification based on etiology (cause)  Organic Genetic disorder or by brain damage
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2011 for the course HDFS 2303 taught by Professor Hart,mccarty during the Fall '10 term at Texas Tech.

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notes2dev - 15:56 Chapter8.Intelligence Solveproblems Adapt...

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