Chapt+1+for+Class+-+Sp+2010

Chapt+1+for+Class+-+Sp+2010 - Chapter 1 What is Psychology...

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Chapter 1 What is Psychology?
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PSYCHOLOGY What is Psychology? – Psychology is a word deriving from Greek roots: Psyche – “ soul”  or “mind,”  Logos – “word” Psychology is practical. Psychologists studies to understand, explain,  and predict behavior.  Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes There are 3 aspects: 1 – Behavior :    It is everything we do that can directly be observed. 2  –  Mental  Processes :    It  describes  thoughts,  feelings,  motives  we  experience privately, can’t be observed. 3  –  Science:    It  is  the  use  of  scientific  methods  to  observe,  describe,  predict, explain behavior.
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Exercise : Think like a Psychologist right now! The 4 goals of psychology are: Description, Explanation, Prediction, and Control Exercise: 1 – Describe what happened :  Think of an embarrassing or upsetting Situation within the last 6 months. Tell us objectively what, who, where,  when, how.  Be like a journalist and tell us the story. 2 – Explain what happened :  Why do you think it happened to you? What  was the relationship between your behavior & situation? 3 – Prediction :  Has this happened before? Do you think it will happen  again? 4 -  Control :  What have you learned from this? What can you do to prevent  it from happening again, or how can you respond more effectively? Now, you’re thinking like a Psychologist!
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The Major Philosophical Issues Free will versus determinism – are the causes of behavior knowable,  and is behavior predictable? – Free will  is the belief that behavior is caused by an individual’s  independent decision making.  – Determinism  is the assumption that everything that happens has a  cause or determinant in the observable world.  The mind-brain problem : How is experience related to the  organ  system called the brain?
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