RU+-+Chapt+6+for+students

RU+-+Chapt+6+for+students - Chapter 6 Learning Learning

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Chapter 6 Learning
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Learning The definition of Learning is: a relatively _____________ change in behavior due to experience.  it is the process of _____________ knowledge, skills, attitudes, or values,  through our experience, research, or teaching, that causes a ___________  of behavior that is measurable learning involves changing our behavior in response to ___________ How we respond to the environment (that’s called ____________  conditioning)  How we act in the environment (that’s called _______________  conditioning) How we observe the environment (that’s called ________________  learning)
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Behaviorists  are psychologists who insist that psychologists should  ________  only  observable, measurable behaviors,  _____  mental processes.  There is, however, a  wide range of views among researchers who call themselves behaviorists. Methodological behaviorism Methodological behaviorists study only events that they can  ________  and  observe. They sometimes use those observations to make inferences about  ___________  events. Ex:  If a monkey is more likely to show its teeth or make loud noises in  response to the placement of a stuffed animal or a larger monkey of the same  species in its cage, and to a recording of growling noises of a predatory cat, the  methodological _____________ will infer the presence of the intervening  variable ________ . Radical behaviorists  believe that internal states are _________ by events in the  environment, or by genetics. The ultimate cause of behavior is observable events, not internal states. Behaviorists  believe that the ______________ plays a powerful role in molding  behavior.
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Jacques Loeb argued that all animal and most human behavior could be explained with stimulus-response ____________. Stimulus-response psychology attempts to explain behavior in terms of how each _____________ triggers a ______________. • Flinching from a blow and shading one’s eyes from strong light are _______________ of stimulus-response behaviors. Determinism - an assumption that _______ behavior has a cause and effect The assumptions of behaviorism If enough is known about an individual’s experiences, influences, and genetics, we can __________ that individual’s behavior. Behaviorists believe that mental explanations are ineffective. Q. Why is she smiling? • A. She is smiling because she is happy. Q How do you know she is ________? A. We can tell she is happy because she is _________.
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RU+-+Chapt+6+for+students - Chapter 6 Learning Learning

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