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RU+-+Chapt+9+for+students - Chapter 9 Intelligence...

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Chapter 9 Intelligence
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Intelligence Intelligence is a _____________ of general abilities and practiced skill. It can also refer to a generalized problem- solving ______ that is present in both familiar and unfamiliar situations. This ability develops gradually, reflecting the contributions of a wide variety of _____________ . The _______ intelligence tests were developed for the practical function of selecting students for ___________ or placement in schools. They had no firm theoretical grounding. It is no surprise then that IQ scores correlate best with ability to do _______ in school.
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What is Intelligence? Here are some definitions of intelligence from psychologists: The ________ abilities that enable one to adapt to, shape or select one’s environment. The ability to _________ , to comprehend, and to reason. The ability to _________ and deal with people, objects and symbols. The ability to ____ purposefully, think rationally and deal effectively with the environment.
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What is Intelligence? Charles Spearman’s ___________ approach and the “g” factor Charles Spearman developed the psychometric approach to intelligence. He attempted to ________ individual differences in behaviors and abilities. He measured how ______ a variety of people performed on a diverse selection of tasks and found that level of performance on one task was correlated __________ with level of performance on all of the others.
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Figure 9.1 Figure 9.1 According to Spearman (1904), all intelligent abilities have an area of _________ , which he called g (for “ _________ ”). Each ability also depends partly on an s (for “ ______ ”) factor.
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What is Intelligence? _______ intelligence and ___________ intelligence Raymond Cattell modified Spearman’s psychometric model in one important way. He believed that the “g” factor has _____ components: fluid intelligence and crystallized intelligence . Fluid intelligence is the ________ of reasoning and applying information. Crystallized intelligence is comprised of __________ skills and knowledge and the application of that knowledge to the specific content of a person’s experience.
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What is Intelligence? Fluid intelligence and crystallized intelligence An example of fluid intelligence would be __________ the skills of a new game or subject area in school. An example of crystallized intelligence would be the __________ base and skills of a person who had been playing the game or studying the subject for many years. This distinction is ______ but not absolute. Any task taps some of both fluid and crystallized ____ .
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Concept Check: A 16-year-old learns to play _______ and quickly becomes proficient enough to be ________ into the school’s chess club. Is this fluid or crystallized intelligence?
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Concept Check: Ten years later, the chess player _________ grandmaster status. Is this a _______ of fluid or crystallized intelligence?
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What is Intelligence?
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